Report by the Disciplinary Commission responsible for alleged doping violations by Russian athletes at the Olympic Games Sochi 2014 : 131st IOC Session in Lima –13, 14, 15 and 16 September 2017 / Dennis Oswald. - Lima : International Olympic Committee (IOC), 2017 __________________________________________________ Prof. Richard McLaren’s mission was to determine if an institutionalised doping system had existed in Russia, particularly in 2014. He was not tasked with establishing the possible liability of individual athletes. In order to do this and to issue any sanctions that could result from this task, the IOC President appointed a specific Disciplinary Commission made up of Dennis Oswald, as Chair, and Juan Antonio Samaranch and Tony Estanguet. The Commission immediately set to work, aware of the urgency imposed on it, so that decisions could be taken as far in advance of the 2018 Winter Games as possible. As a first step, it carefully studied the McLaren Report to determine if the accusations made against certain athletes were proven and based on solid evidence. Prof. McLaren lent the Commission his assistance in carrying out this task.
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IOC - Report by the Disciplinary Commission responsible for alleged doping violations by Russian athletes at the Olympic Games Sochi 2014
Forensic analysis of Sochi samples / International Olympic Committee (IOC). - Lima : IOC, 2017 Two reports commissioned by WADA, published by Prof Richard McLaren on 18.07.2016 and 09.12.2016, detailed evidences of organised manipulation of some Russian samples collected during the Olympic Winter Games Sochi 2014. The reports describe how urine bottles were opened and urine was switched with clean modified urine coming from a “biobank”, and how urine density had to be adjusted to match that recorded on the doping control form (if different at the time of collection) by adding salt to the sample. This manipulation has been reported to cause slight damage leaving scratches and marks (S&M) on the lids (caps). The quality of the documentation and the evidence produced in the McLaren reports was designed to show the whole picture of organised manipulation and is not sufficient for individual antidoping rule violations (ARDVs). Consequently, it was decided in December 2016 to set up a working group to produce the documentation and methodology for collection of the forensic evidence required.
IOC reanalysis programme Beijing 2008 and London 2012 : latest update on 18 August 2017 / The International Olympic Committee (IOC). - Lausanne : IOC, 2017 _________________________________________________ To provide a level playing field for all clean athletes at the Olympic Games Rio 2016, the IOC put special measures in place, including targeted pre-tests and the reanalysis of stored samples from the Olympic Games Beijing 2008 and London 2012, following an intelligence-gathering process that started in August 2015 – in consultation with WADA and International Federations (IFs). The additional analyses on samples collected during the Olympic Games Beijing 2008 and London 2012 were performed with improved analytical methods, in order to possibly detect prohibited substances that could not be identified by the analysis performed at the time of these editions of the Olympic Games. For reference, some reanalysis of the stored samples of Beijing 2008 and London 2012 was already conducted in 2009 and 2015 respectively, leading to the sanctioning of six athletes. The programme for Beijing samples has concluded due to the statute of limitations. The total number of confirmed Adverse Analytical Findings (AAFs) by reanalysis in 2016 was announced as 101.
IOC - Report of the IOC Disciplinary Commission in charge of the retests of samples from Beijing 2008 and London 2012
Report of the IOC Disciplinary Commission in charge of the retests of samples from Beijing 2008 and London 2012 / Dennis Oswald. - Lima : International Olympic Committee (IOC), 2017 __________________________________________________ IOC Member and Chair of the Disciplinary Commission Denis Oswald updated the IOC membership on two topics. The Disciplinary Commission is overseeing the retests of samples from the Olympic Games Beijing 2008 and London 2012, and is responsible for investigating the alleged doping violations by Russian athletes at the Olympic Winter Games Sochi 2014. This IOC reanalysis programme was initiated by the IOC prior to the Olympic Games in Rio last year in order “to provide a level playing field for all clean athletes” via, for example, targeted pre-tests and the reanalysis of stored samples from the Olympic Games Beijing 2008 and London 2012. Around 1,100 samples were selected for retesting, of which 106 samples returned with a positive result, leading to 99 hearings by the IOC Disciplinary Commission. Consequently, 75 medals have been withdrawn.