Narcissism and empathy in steroid users

Narcissism and empathy in steroid users / John H. Porcerelli, Bruce A. Sandler. - (American Journal of Psychiatry 152 (1995) 11 (November); p. 1672-1674)

  • PMID: 7485634
  • DOI: 10.1176/ajp.152.11.1672


Abstract

Objective: In an effort to begin to construct a psychological profile of anabolic steroid users, the authors compared weight lifters and bodybuilders who did or did not use anabolic steroids on an objective measure of narcissism and on clinical ratings of empathy.

Method: The subjects were 16 weight lifters and bodybuilders who reported that they had used anabolic steroids within the past year and a comparison group of 20 weight lifters who had not used steroids. The Narcissistic Personality Inventory and clinical ratings of empathy were used to assess narcissism.

Results: Steroid users had significantly higher scores on dimensions of pathological narcissism and significantly lower scores on clinical ratings of empathy.

Conclusions: These preliminary results document a relationship between anabolic steroid use and narcissistic personality traits. They also indicate the need for further research to determine whether narcissistic personality traits contribute to the initiation of anabolic steroid use or result from their use.

Original document

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Science
Study
Date
1 April 2006
People
Porcerelli, John H.
Sandler, Bruce A.
Country
United States of America
Language
English
Sport/IFs
Bodybuilding & Fitness (IFBB) - International Federation of Bodybuilding & Fitness
Weightlifting (IWF) - International Weightlifting Federation
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Detroit Psychiatric Institute
Doping classes
S1. Anabolic Agents
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Health effects
Psychopathology
Substance use research
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Scientific article
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Date generated
18 September 2012
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21 November 2020
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