Enjoy the Sport - Schools Against Doping and Drug Dependence : A Health Education Intervention in Secondary Schools

"Enjoy the Sport - Schools Against Doping and Drug Dependence" : A Health Education Intervention in Secondary Schools / Daniele Masala, Valeria D'Egidio, Teresa Iona, Giuseppe La Torre. - (Igiene e sanita pubblica 75 (2019) 4 (July-August); p. 271-282). - PMID: 31887733
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Abstract

INTRODUCTION
The use of doping substances is growing not only in young athletes performing competitive and non-competitive sports, but also in amateur sports, thereby representing a social and public health problem. The aim of this study was to measure knowledge, attitudes and opinions on doping and drugs and their effects, among students of secondary schools, and to assess the effectiveness of a health education intervention. "Enjoy the Sport- the school against doping and addiction 2.0" is a program developed to discourage the use of drugs, in particular doping drugs, by introducing information on the origins, on the effects of drugs and examples of appropriate lifestyles. This project was conceived by C.I.S.C.O.D. (Comitato Italiano Sport Contro Droga), an association of the C.O.N.I. and carried out with its support.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
The "Enjoy" project was a study with a one-arm experimental design and with a pre-post evaluation. A multiple-choice questionnaire was used to measure adolescents' knowledge, attitudes and opinions on doping and its effects. A descriptive analysis and post-pre intervention comparison was performed with the McNemar test.

RESULTS
There was a significant increase in participants' knowledge of doping substances indicated by the WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) (p<0.001) and a better understanding of the meaning of the term "doping". A decrease in the number of adolescents who would use doping substances (pre = 0.06%; post = 0.0%) was observed, as well as an increase in the number of adolescents who do not consider fair that athletes of any level should use substances that alter their performance (pre = 83.7%; post = 85%). A significant increase was observed in the proportion of participants who believe that athletes should not use doping substances because they are harmful to the human organism (pre = 38.6%; post = 51.7%) (p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS
The project "Enjoy the Sport" contributed to increasing the health literacy of secondary school students about doping (and consequent awareness of the negative aspects of drug use). Schools, therefore, are an appropriate setting for implementing educational interventions for the prevention of doping. However, it is fundamental to integrate knowledge and action, especially in the context of family, sport and sports associations.

Parameters:

Education
Coaches and Support Staff
Education Program
Educators
Date:
1 July 2019
People
D'Egidio, Valeria
Iona, Teresa
La Torre, Giuseppe
Masala, Daniele
Country
Italy
Language
Italian
Various
Amateur / club / recreational sport
Education
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