Anabolic Steroids / Matthew Rhea, Pedro J. Marin Cabezuelo, Mark Peterson, Jeffrey L. Alexander, Ben Potenziano, Derek J. Bunker, Eric L. Sauers, Randy D. Danielsen. - (Clinician Reviews 18 (2008) 11 (November); p. 26-31)
Illicit use of anabolic steroids, a significant issue in the United States, is by no means restricted to elite athletes or adolescent sport participants. While steroids can stimulate and enhance muscle tissue development, long-term or excessive use can increase the risk of heart attack, cancer, and/or psychologic impairments. This review examines the prevalence of steroid use, associated benefits and risks, and the importance of accelerating effective education and prevention efforts.