Doping survey in the youth school games in Brazil

Doping survey in the youth school games in Brazil / Paulo Rodrigo Pedroso da Silva, Geraldo Albuquerque Maranhao Neto, Casagrande Figueiredo, Ana Maria Pujol Vieira dos Santos, Maria Helena Vianna Metello Jacob, Eduardo Henrique de Rose, Lamartine Pereira da Costa. - (Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte 23 (2017) 6 (November/December); p. 436-440)

  • DOI: 10.1590/1517-869220172306163303


Introduction: Doping control is an important means for preventing the use of illegal substances and methods
in sports.

Objective: This study investigated the self-reported use of illegal substances among young Brazilian students in the Youth School Games, the main sporting event among school-aged athletes in Brazil with almost 2 million students during all the phases. Methods: Cross-sectional study with athletes of the Youth School Games 2006 aged 14-17 years. The subjects were randomly selected and completed an anonymous questionnaire about substances use. Chi-square test was used for comparison of proportions between different variables on self-reported use of substances. Univariate and multivariate analyzes and logistic regression were performed.

Results: Among the 402 athletes (aged 14-17) who volunteered to participate, the results showed
high prevalence of alcohol (35.8%), nutritional supplements (39.1%), and tobacco (5.4%). Regarding illegal drugs and doping, 1.7% reported the use of stimulants, 2.2% illicit drugs, 0.5% anabolic steroids, and 1.7% hormones and other similar substances. Moreover, a different use of stimulants was found (especially Judo and Table tennis), medications (especially Judo and Chess) and dietary supplements (especially Swimming and Judo, with over 50% reported use).

Conclusion: The present study suggests that the use of substances among young athletes is similar to the results found among adult Olympic athletes as per International Olympic Committee and World Anti-Doping Agency, especially regarding the use of dietary supplements, anabolic steroids, and stimulants according to data collected by other studies. We consider that the findings of the present work indicate the need for specific efforts to monitor, prevent, and control use of substances among school athletes in big events and competitions, such as this research on doping in the Youth School Games.

Original document


Research / Study
26 May 2017
Costa, Lamartine Pereira da
Figueiredo, Casagrande
Maranhao Neto, Geraldo Albuquerque
Metello Jacob, Maria Helena Vianna
Pedroso da Silva, Paulo Rodrigo
Pujol Vieira dos Santos, Ana Maria
Rose, Eduardo Henrique de
Other organisations
Comitê Olímpico do Brasil (COB) - Brazilian Olympic Committee (BOC)
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) - Rio de Janeiro State University
Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA) - Lutheran University of Brazil
Universidade Salgado de Oliveira (UNIVERSO)- Salgado de Oliveira University
University of Auckland
Doping classes
S1. Anabolic Agents
S6. Stimulants
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Substance use research
Doping culture
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Scientific article
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Date generated
7 September 2020
Date of last modification
13 September 2020
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