Substance Use and Its Impact on Athlete Health and Performance / Todd Stull, Eric Morse, David R. McDuff. - (Psychiatric Clinics of North America 44 (2021) 3 (September); p. 405-417)
- PMID: 34372997
- DOI: 10.1016/j.psc.2021.04.006
The pressure to gain mass, power, explosiveness, and endurance and to obtain a performance edge continues to a part of sports. Anabolic agents, including selective androgen receptor modulators along with peptides, hormones, and metabolic modulators, continues to evolve. Methods to promote transcription to modify gene expression are a part of the evolution. In order to monitor and improve doping detection, the Athlete Biological Passport has been created. This article provides an up-to-date review of alcohol, anabolic androgens and related agents, stimulants, opioids, and cannabis and related compounds and their effects on athlete health and performance.