FIFA 2021 FIFA vs Sylvain Gbohouo

in December 2021 the International Football Federation (FIFA) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Ivorian football player Sylvain Gbohouo after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Trimetazidine. After notification a provisional suspension was ordered. The Athlete filed a statement in his defence and he was heard for the FIFA Disciplinary Committee.

The Athlete accepted the test result and denied the intentional use of the substance. He explained with medical evidence that he suffered from and eye diseas and used prescribed medication Vastarel as treatment. He asserted that he and his ophtalmologist were unaware that it contained the prohibited substance Trimetazidine.

The Athlete challenged the classification of Trimetazidine on the Prohibited List and asserted that he had not been able to request the analysis of the B-sample. Further he argued that the strict liability rule in doping related mattters violates the presumption of innocence and thus is contrary to the ECHR.

The FIFA Disciplinary Committee assessed the Athlete's objections and deems that:

  • Under the FIFA ADR 2021 it is competent regarding anti-doping rule violations and the imposition of sanctions.
  • The FIFA ADR clearly contains a reference to the WADC Prohibited List and makes it clear that all players are bound by this list.
  • The Court of Arbitration (CAS) has constantly applied the principle of strict liability as confirmed by the Swiss Federal Tribunal.
  • The 12 hour time limit to request analysis of the B sample started when the Athlete was notified on 28 December 2021 while he was with the Ivorian National team in Saudi Arabia.
  • The presence of the prohibited substance Trimetazidine has been established in the Athlete's sample and accordingly under the FIFA ADR that he committed an anti-doping rule violation.

In view of the medical evidence the Committee accepts that the Athlete's violation was not intentional due to the medication prescribed by an ophthalmologist. Yet, he failed to check his medication and shifted the responsibility of his violation on the doctor / ophtalmologist who prescribed the medication Vastarel. Considering the Athlete's conduct in this case the Committee concludes that he acted with a normal degree of fault rather than significant.

Therefore the FIFA Disciplinary Committee decides on 27 April 2022 to impose an 18 month period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 23 December 2021.

Original document


Legal Source
Decisions International Federations
27 April 2022
Al-Misehal, Yasser
Hollerer, Thomas
Wade, Mark Anthony
Original Source
International Football Federation (FIFA)
Ivory Coast
Adverse Analytical Finding / presence
Legal Terms
ADRV Notice
Case law / jurisprudence
Circumstantial evidence
Competence / Jurisdiction
European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
No intention to enhance performance
No Significant Fault or Negligence
Period of ineligibility
Rules & regulations International Sports Federations
Strict liability
Substantial delay / lapsed time limit
WADA Prohibited List International Standard
Football (FIFA) - International Football Federation
Lausanne, Switzerland: Laboratoire Suisse d’Analyse du Dopage
Analytical aspects
B sample analysis
Doping classes
S4. Hormone And Metabolic Modulators
Medical terms
Legitimate Medical Treatment
Athlete support personnel
Document type
Pdf file
Date generated
20 June 2022
Date of last modification
23 June 2022
  • Legal Source
  • Education
  • Science
  • Statistics
  • History
Country & language
  • Country
  • Language
Other filters
  • ADRV
  • Legal Terms
  • Sport/IFs
  • Other organisations
  • Laboratories
  • Analytical aspects
  • Doping classes
  • Substances
  • Medical terms
  • Various
  • Version
  • Document category
  • Document type
Publication period