A case of affective disorder associated with the misuse of 'anabolic steroids'

1 Dec 1992

A case of affective disorder associated with the misuse of 'anabolic steroids' / H.M. Perry, G.W. Hughes. - (British Journal of Sports Medicine 26 (1992) 4 (December); p. 219-220)

  • PMID: 1362688
  • PMCID: PMC1478994
  • DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.26.4.219


Abstract

In the pursuit of gains in muscle size and strength, body-builders may mistakenly use illicit drugs believing them to be anabolic steroids. The case described illustrates the physical and psychological dangers of such behaviour.

Voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport : enquête onder topsporters [1993]

1 Jan 1993

Voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport : enquête onder top sporters / samenst. P.L.S. van Steed; red. C. Vervoorn, E. van Kernebeek, E.N. Vrijman. - i.o.v. Nederlands Centrum voor Dopingvraagstukken (NeCeDo) ; i.s.m. Nederlands Instituut voor Sport en Gezondheid (NISG) ; Nederlands Olympisch Comité*Nederlandse Sport Federatie (NOC*NSF). - Arnhem : NeCeDo, 1993

Education about doping and medication use in elite sports : survey of elite athletes / ed. P.L.S. van Steen, C. Vervoorn, E. van Kernebeek, E.N. Vrijman. - National Institute for Sports Health care ; Netherlands Centre for Doping Affairs ; Netherlands Olympic Committee * Netherlands Sports Confederation. - Arnhem : NeCeDo, 1993

Vermeld worden de opzet en de resultaten van een enquête onder 1246 Nederlandse topsporters. Deze enquête werd in 1993, in opdracht van NeCeDo, door het NISG uitgevoerd. Uit de enquête komt naar voren dat de voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport door de Nederlandse topsporters zelf noodzakelijk wordt geacht.

Voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport : hoe trainers en coaches bij kunnen dragen aan de voorlichting [1993]

1 Jan 1993

Voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport : hoe trainers en coaches bij kunnen dragen aan de voorlichting / samenst. P.L.S. van Steed; red. C. Vervoorn, E. van Kernebeek, E.N. Vrijman. - i.o.v. Nederlands Centrum voor Dopingvraagstukken (NeCeDo) ; i.s.m. Nederlands Instituut voor Sport en Gezondheid (NISG) ; Nederlands Olympisch Comité*Nederlandse Sport Federatie (NOC*NSF). - Arnhem : NeCeDo, 1993

Education about doping and medication use in elite sports : how trainers and coaches can contribute to education / ed. P.L.S. van Steen, C. Vervoorn, E. van Kernebeek, E.N. Vrijman. - National Institute for Sports Health care ; Netherlands Centre for Doping Affairs ; Netherlands Olympic Committee * Netherlands Sports Confederation. - Arnhem : NeCeDo, 1993

In een inleiding wordt ingegaan over de rol die trainers en coaches kunnen spelen in de voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik de de topsport. Het is de bedoeling dat in de komende jaren het NeCeDo, in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Federatie van Werkers in de Sport (NFWS), een aantal artikelen gaat publiceren waarmee trainers en coaches geholpen worden bij het leveren van een bijdrage aan voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport. Naast een eerste artikel in deze serie zijn een aantal artikelen opgenomen over het onderwerp doping dat reeds eerder in het blad 'Coach'van de NFWS werd gepubliceerd.

Voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport : uitleg over de verschillende dopinggroepen en - methoden [1993]

1 Jan 1993

Voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport : uitleg over de verschillende dopinggroepen en – methoden / samenst. P.L.S. van Steed; red. C. Vervoorn, E. van Kernebeek, E.N. Vrijman. - i.o.v. Nederlands Centrum voor Dopingvraagstukken (NeCeDo) ; i.s.m. Nederlands Instituut voor Sport en Gezondheid (NISG) ; Nederlands Olympisch Comité*Nederlandse Sport Federatie (NOC*NSF). - Arnhem : NeCeDo, 1993

Education about doping and medication use in elite sports : explanation about the different doping groups and methods / ed. P.L.S. van Steen, C. Vervoorn, E. van Kernebeek, E.N. Vrijman. - National Institute for Sports Health care ; Netherlands Centre for Doping Affairs ; Netherlands Olympic Committee * Netherlands Sports Confederation. - Arnhem : NeCeDo, 1993

Behandeld worden interessante wetenswaardigheden over het dopingbeleid en de reglementen van de internationale sportfederatie. Opgenomen zijn ook een set informatiebladen waarin per dopinggroep en dopingmethode nader op de werking en bijwerking van de middelen en methoden wordt ingegaan.

Voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport : samenvatting en conclusies van het voorbereidend onderzoek [1993]

1 Jan 1993

Voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de topsport : samenvatting en conclusies van het voorbereidend onderzoek / samenst. P.L.S. van Steen; red. C. Vervoorn, E. van Kernebeek, E.N. Vrijman. - i.o.v. Nederlands Centrum voor Dopingvraagstukken (NeCeDo) ; i.s.m. Nederlands Instituut voor Sport en Gezondheid (NISG) ; Nederlands Olympisch Comité*Nederlandse Sport Federatie (NOC*NSF). - Arnhem : NeCeDo, 1993

Education about doping and medication use in elite sports : summary and conclusions about the preliminary investigation / ed. P.L.S. van Steen, C. Vervoorn, E. van Kernebeek, E.N. Vrijman. - National Institute for Sports Health care ; Netherlands Centre for Doping Affairs ; Netherlands Olympic Committee * Netherlands Sports Confederation. - Arnhem : NeCeDo, 1993

Behandeld worden de samenvatting en conclusies van het voorbereidend onderzoek naar de mogelijkheden van de voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik in de sport. In opdracht van het NeCeDo heeft ir. E. van Kernebeek van het Nederlands Instituut voor Sport en Gezondheid (NISG) dit onderzoek uitgevoerd. Uit het onderzoek blijkt dat voorlichting over doping en medicijngebruik zinvol is om de gesignaleerde kennisproblemen bij de risicogroepen en 'hun omgeving' op te heffen. Het rapport beschrijft voorts de in eerste instantie te volgen voorlichtingsaanpak.

The Athletic Prevention Programming and Leadership Education (APPLE) Model: Developing Substance Abuse Prevention Programs

1 Jan 1993

Susan J. Grossman, MSW, LCSW, Joe Gieck, EdD, ATC, PT, Alan Freedman, MEd, Wei Li Fang, PhD
Journal of Athletic Training Volume 28 * Number 2 * 1993

Alcohol and other drug (AOD) abuse affects every sector of society, and student-athletes are no exception. Because many factors affecting athletes do not affect other students, athletic departments commonly approach prevention through AOD education. Different educational approaches are descriibed in this article, particularly the Athletic Prevention Programming and Leadership Education (APPLE) model.

Project APPLE is designed to enable an athletic department to systematically analyze its AOD prevention in seven areas: recruitment practices, expectations and attitudes, education and AOD programs, polic ies, drug testing, discipline, and referral and counseling. Because athletic trainers often are involved in this process, this article should help them to design more effective AOD programs.

College Athletes and Drug Testing: Attitudes and Behaviors by Gender and Sport

1 Jan 1993

Dona Schneider, Joyce Morris
Joumal of Athletic Training Volume 28 * Number 2 * 1993
Urban Studies and Community Health at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, in New Brunswick, NJ 08903

We surveyed varsity athletes at a Big East university to assess
attitudes toward a mandatory drug education and testing program and examined whether there were differences in drug-related attitudes and behaviors based on gender or varsity sport.

We found no statistically significant differences in personal drug use behaviors based on gender or team affiliation. Attitudes about drug use and knowledge of a teammate using drugs did show significant differences based on varsity sport. Tennis players were most likely to agree that drug use by college athletes is socially acceptable. Lacrosse players were most likely to know of at least one teammate using drugs. Overall, attitudes towards the mandatory drug education and testing program were ambivalent. About half of our responding athletes believed drug testing was necessary and discouraged drug use. Only 17% believed that the program was an invasion of privacy.

Effects of nandrolone decanoate on bone mass in established osteoporosis

10 Mar 1993

Effects of nandrolone decanoate on bone mass in established osteoporosis / M. Passeri, M. Pedrazzoni, G. Pioli, L. Butturini, A.H. Ruys, M.G. Cortenraad. - (Maturitas 17 (1993) 3 (1 November); p. 211-219)

  • PMID: 8133796
  • DOI: 10.1016/0378-5122(93)90049-n


Abstract

A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted in 46 postmenopausal women with established osteoporosis in order to assess the long-term effects of nandrolone decanoate on the bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar vertebrae and of the distal third of the radius and on the biochemical markers of bone turnover. The patients received intramuscular injections of placebo or 50 mg nandrolone decanoate every 3 weeks for 18 months. Thirty-two of the initial 46 patients completed 1 year of study and 25 completed the whole study period of 18 months. Overall, vertebral BMD increased by 2.9% in the nandrolone decanoate group and fell by 2.3% in the placebo group. Radial BMD showed a slight but transient improvement, with a subsequent return to basal levels in the nandrolone decanoate group, whereas there was a progressive decrease in the placebo group. Patients treated with nandrolone decanoate also complained less of bone pain. Urinary hydroxyproline decreased significantly in treated patients, whereas osteocalcin tended to increase, but the change was not significant. HDL cholesterol concentrations decreased only slightly and haemoglobin increased significantly in the nandrolone decanoate group. Two patients treated with nandrolone decanoate withdrew from the study because of hirsutism and hoarseness. The results indicate that nandrolone decanoate exerts positive effects on vertebral BMD and on bone pain in patients with established postmenopausal osteoporosis.

IOC Medical Commission - 1993 List of Prohibited Classes of Substances and Prohibited Methods

17 Mar 1993

1993 List of Prohibited Classes of Substances and Prohibited Methods / IOC Medical Commission. – International Olympic Committee (IOC), 1993


INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE MEDICAL COMMISSION LIST OF DOPING CLASSES AND METHODS 17TH MARCH 1993

I. DOPING CLASSES
A. Stimulants
B. Narcotics
C. Anabolic Agents
D. Diuretics
E. Peptide hormones and analogues

II. DOPING METHODS
A. Blood doping
B. Pharmacological, chemical and physical manipulation

III. CLASSES OF DRUGS SUBJECT TO CERTAIN RESTRICTIONS
A. Alcohol
B. Marijuana
C. Local anaesthetics
D. Corticosteroids
E. Beta-blockers


Source: Bibliothèque du CIO / IOC Library

Short-term growth hormone treatment does not increase muscle protein synthesis in experienced weight lifters

1 Jun 1993

Short-term growth hormone treatment does not increase muscle protein synthesis in experienced weight lifters / Kevin E. Yaraheski, Jeffrey J. Zachwieja, Theodore J. Angelopoulos, Dennis M. Bier. - (Journal of Applied Physiology 74 (1993) 6 (June); p. 3073-3076)

  • PMID: 8366011
  • DOI: 10.1152/jappl.1993.74.6.3073


Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether recombinant human growth hormone (GH) administration enhances muscle protein anabolism in experienced weight lifters. The fractional rate of skeletal muscle protein synthesis and the whole body rate of protein breakdown were determined during a constant intravenous infusion of [13C]leucine in 7 young (23 +/- 2 yr; 86.2 +/- 4.6 kg) healthy experienced male weight lifters before and at the end of 14 days of subcutaneous GH administration (40 microgram.kg-1 x day-1). GH administration increased fasting serum insulin-like growth factor-I (from 224 +/- 20 to 589 +/- 80 ng/ml, P = 0.002) but did not increase the fractional rate of muscle protein synthesis (from 0.034 +/- 0.004 to 0.034 +/- 0.002%/h) or reduce the rate of whole body protein breakdown (from 103 +/- 4 to 108 +/- 5 mumol.kg-1 x h-1). These findings suggest that short-term GH treatment does not increase the rate of muscle protein synthesis or reduce the rate of whole body protein breakdown, metabolic alterations that would promote muscle protein anabolism in experienced weight lifters attempting to further increase muscle mass.

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