1 Jan 1993
Susan J. Grossman, MSW, LCSW, Joe Gieck, EdD, ATC, PT, Alan Freedman, MEd, Wei Li Fang, PhD
Journal of Athletic Training Volume 28 * Number 2 * 1993
Alcohol and other drug (AOD) abuse affects every sector of society, and student-athletes are no exception. Because many factors affecting athletes do not affect other students, athletic departments commonly approach prevention through AOD education. Different educational approaches are descriibed in this article, particularly the Athletic Prevention Programming and Leadership Education (APPLE) model.
Project APPLE is designed to enable an athletic department to systematically analyze its AOD prevention in seven areas: recruitment practices, expectations and attitudes, education and AOD programs, polic ies, drug testing, discipline, and referral and counseling. Because athletic trainers often are involved in this process, this article should help them to design more effective AOD programs.