Report of the Independent Observers XVIII Asian Games Jakarta Palembang 2018 / Independent Observer Team. - Montreal : World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), 2019
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Impact of anti-doping education and doping control experience on anti-doping knowledge in Japanese university athletes: a cross-sectional study
Impact of anti-doping education and doping control experience on anti-doping knowledge in Japanese university athletes: a cross-sectional study / Yuka Murofushi, Yujiro Kawata, Akari Kamimura, Masataka Hirosawa, Nobuto Shibata. - (Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policy 13 (2018) 44 (5 Dec); p. 1-15). - PMID: 30518383. - PMCID: PMC6280366. - DOI: 10.1186/s13011-018-0178-x _________________________________________________ Abstract: BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to elucidate the anti-doping (AD) education, doping control experience, and AD knowledge according to the World Anti-doping Code (Code) of Japanese university athletes. METHODS: We collected data from 514 male athletes (Mage = 19.53 years, SD = 1.13) and 629 female athletes (Mage = 20.99 years, SD = 1.07). We asked them about their experience undergoing doping control and the AD education they had received. Then, we assessed their AD knowledge using the World Anti-Doping Agency's Athlete Learning Program about Health and AD (ALPHA) test. RESULTS: The results showed that 2.54% of the participants had undergone doping control. Further, 30.10% received AD education at least once, and 20.82% received AD education more than once. When comparing the ALPHA scores of athletes with/without doping test experience, we observed no significant difference. However, the ALPHA scores of athletes with/without AD education were significantly different; specifically, athletes who received AD education more than once had significantly higher ALPHA scores than non-educated athletes. CONCLUSION: These results revealed that doping control experience was not related to AD knowledge and that AD education was associated with AD knowledge, suggesting that athletes who receive AD education more than once have more accurate AD knowledge than less educated athletes on this topic. The importance of AD education in promoting understanding of AD according to the Code in sports is highlighted in this study.
iNADO Update (2018) 9 (23 November) Institute of National Anti-Doping Organisations (iNADO) ____________________________________________________ Contents: - 2019 iNADO Workshop (March 12, Lausanne) - Report on the WADA Foundation Board and associated meetings, Baku, November 13-15 2018. CEO Graeme Steel - The Role of NADOs – Comment from the CEO - NADOs give Feedback to the 2nd Draft of the Int. Standard for Education (ISE) - Ideas how to implement the ISE using a Guidelines Document - Spanish Anti-Doping Agency launches Education Module in Latin America - Annual Larry D. Bowers Award for Excellence in Anti-Doping Science - New NSF Certified for Sport® Certification Mark - Leeds Beckett University: the Global Landscape of Whistleblowing Platforms - Improved Search Function at the Anti-Doping Knowledge Center - Vacancies at WADA - New at the Anti-Doping Knowledge Centre
Related case: ISR 2017 KNBSB Decision Disciplinary Committee 2017013 T November 30, 2017 On 30 November 2017 the ISR-KNBSB Disciplinary Committee decided to impose a 2 year period of ineligibility on the Person after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Cannabis. Here the Person failed to file a statement in his defence nor did he request to be heard. During the disciplinary proceedings the Person made in June 2017 a TUE application for the use of Cannabis which was refused by the Dutch TUE Commission on 18 July 2017. When sanctioned for 2 years on 30 November 2017 the Person appealed in December 2017 this KNBSB decision. Further in January 2017 the Person made a second application with the TUE Commission for the medical use of Cannabis. In support of his appelication the Person filed medical information, a copy of his first TUE application from June 2017 and a medical certificate from his doctor. However the Anti-Doping Authority Netherlands (Dopingautoriteit) reported in January 2018 that the signature of the Person's doctor in the first TUE application was different from the signature used in the second TUE application. On being asked the doctor in question confirmed to the Dopingautoriteit that the medical certificate and signature in the second TUE application were not rendered by him. Hereafter the Person resigned in January 2018 his KNBSB membership and in March 2018 he withdrew his appeal. The Dopingautoriteit reported in April 2018 a second anti-doping rule violation against the Person for Tampering due to his falsification of a medical certificate. After notification the Person failed again to file a statement in his defence nor did he request to be heard for the ISR-KNBSB Disciplinary Committee. The case was settled based on the filed submissions. In spite of the Person’s membership resignation the ISR-KNBSB Disciplinary Committee holds that under the Rules the Person was still a member of the KNBSB until the end of the year 2018 and accordingly still submitted to the Anti-Doping Rules. The Disciplinary Committee accepts the filed evidence in this case against the Person and concludes that he committed a second anti-doping rule violation as a result of writing a false medical certificate and falsification of the doctor’s signature. Since the Person didn't file a statement in his defence the Committee holds that the Person failed to establish grounds for a reduced sanction. Therefore the ISR-KNBSB Disciplinary Committee decides on 8 August 2018 to impose a 8 year period of ineligibility on the Person starting on the date of the decision. Fees and expenses for this committee shall be borne by the Person.
Related case: ISR 2018 KNBSB Decision Disciplinary Committee 2018003 T August 8, 2018 In July 2017 the Royal Dutch Baseball and Softball Federation (KNBSB) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Person after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Cannabis in a concentration above the WADA threshold (473 ng/mL). After notification the Person failed to file a statement in his defence nor did he request to be heard for the ISR-KNBSB Disciplinary Committee. The case was settled based on the filed submissions. The Disciplinary Committee concludes that the evidence establish that the Person committed an anti-doping rule violation. Without evidence to the contrary the Committee finds that the violation was not intentional as ground for a reduced sanction. Since the Person didn't file a statement in his defence the Committee holds that the Person failed to establish how the substance entered his system. Without further grounds for a reduced sanction the ISR-KNBSB Disciplinary Committee decides on 30 November 2017 to impose a 2 year period of ineligibility on the Person starting on the date of the decision. Fees and expenses for this committee shall be borne by the Person.
2017 Anti-Doping Testing Figures / World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). - Montreal : WADA, 2018 Contents: - Executive Summary - pp. 2-9 (7 pages) - Laboratory Report -– pp. 10-36 (26 pages) - Sport Report - pp. 37-158 (121 pages) - Testing Authority Report - pp. 159-298 (139 pages) - ABP Report-Blood Analysis - pp. 299-336 (37 pages)
Results of the WADA monitoring program regarding substances which are not on the 2017 Prohibited List, but which WADA wishes to monitor in order to detect patterns of misuse in sport. These substances are: In Competition Monitoring: - Mitragynine - Tramadol - Codeine In and Out of Competition Monitoring: - Telmisartan - Glucocorticoids - Beta-2 Agonists
Ethical aspects of doping and anti-doping : in search of an alternative policy / Bengt Kayser. - Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), 2018. - Dissertation KU Leuven presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor in Kinesiology. - With summary in Dutch: p. ix - xii Abstract: The general aim of this thesis is to contribute to the discussion on doping and anti-doping, and to sketch the outlines of an alternative way of dealing with doping inside and outside of sport. After a short introduction (Chapter 1) that sketches the historical background of the main issues, an analysis of modern anti-doping in elite sport is presented, highlighting some paradoxes and weaknesses at the basis of today’s anti-doping policies (Chapter 2). Chapter 3 provides an analysis of the argument that allowing doping would merely result in a uniform shift of the playing field at the cost of greater health risks. It is shown that this is unlikely to be the case and a counterargument in favour of allowing some regulated forms of doping, because potentially leading to a more dynamic playing field, is then presented. Chapter 4 provides a perspective accounting for some of the side effects of modern anti-doping, also from a legal perspective. It highlights some of these side-effects and shows that anti-doping comes at a considerable cost to the individual athlete and the community. Chapter 5 then introduces the idea of using a harm reduction approach in the realm of doping in sport. First the principle of harm reduction is explained, building upon the evidence base in the field of recreational substance use. This is followed by a first attempt of applying its principles to doping practices in sport. Chapter 6 then takes the reasoning of the preceding chapter further by completing it with a specific analysis of the ethical implications of such a harm reduction approach for doping, concluding that such an approach can be defended. Chapter 7 finally provides a general discussion that ends with some conclusions and perspectives. The overarching conclusion of the thesis is that there is no society-wide solution to the problem of doping. Therefore practical ways of dealing with its presence aimed at containing its potential risks may represent preferable policy alternatives as compared to today’s runaway effects of globalisation of anti-doping efforts, all while promising to enrich the spectacle of modern elite sport. _____________________________________________________ Contents: 1.) Introductory remarks 2.) Current anti-doping policy: a critical appraisal 3.) What if we relaxed the anti-doping rule: towards a Red Queen effect? 4.) On the presumption of guilt without proof of intentionality and other consequences of current anti-doping policy 5.) Doping and performance enhancement: harms and harm reduction 6.) Ethics of a relaxed anti-doping rule accompanied by harm-reduction measures 7.) Discussion, conclusions and perspectives - Appositions - Short CV - Publications on doping and anti-doping - Acknowledgements, Personal contributions, Conflict of interest statement A.) French speaking athletes’ experience and perception regarding the whereabouts reporting system and therapeutic use exemptions B.) The anti-doping industry coming of age: in search of new markets C.) Do public perception and the ‘spirit of sport’ justify the criminalisation of doping? A reply to Claire Sumner