“Raw juicing” – an online study of the home manufacture of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) for injection in contemporary performance and image enhancement (PIED) culture

“Raw juicing” : an online study of the home manufacture of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) for injection in contemporary performance and image enhancement (PIED) culture / Rebekah Brennan, John S.G. Wells, Marie Claire Van Hout. - (Performance Enhancement & Health 6 (2018) 1 (March); p. 21-27).
- https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peh.2017.11.001


Abstract

Background
New evidence with regard to an under documented practice – the home manufacture of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) for injection, known as ‘homebrewing’ – in contemporary injecting performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) culture is the subject of this paper.

Methods
Data was collected from five publicly accessible internet discussion forums and coded using NVivo software. For the purposes of this study, threads in relation to homebrewing (n = 14) were extracted from the final set of records for ethnographic content analysis.

Results
Motivation to perform homebrewing was largely grounded in the circumnavigation of unreliable online sourcing routes for AAS products, financial losses and potential harms associated with contaminated and counterfeit injectables. Instructions on how to perform homebrewing were found within discussion threads. Identified areas of concern included potential for sterility and dosing issues, injecting harms, isolation from health services.

Conclusion
This study provides a snapshot of online communal activity around practice of homebrewing AAS amongst individuals who inject AAS. Further research in this area is warranted, and will be of benefit to healthcare workers, treatment providers and policy makers particularly as this relates to evidence informed and targeted harm reduction policies and effective public health interventions.

Parameters

Science
Study
Date
6 December 2017
People
Brennan, Rebekah
Van Hout, Marie Claire
Wells, John S.G.
Country
Ireland
United Kingdom
Language
English
Other organisations
Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU)
Waterford Institute of Technology (WIT)
Doping classes
S1. Anabolic Agents
S2. Peptide Hormones, Growth Factors
S3. Beta-2 Agonists
S4. Hormone And Metabolic Modulators
Various
Illegal production / trade
Document category
Abstract
Date generated
2 July 2019
Date of last modification
24 July 2019
Category
  • Legal Source
  • Education
  • Science
  • Statistics
  • History
Country & language
  • Country
  • Language
Other filters
  • ADRV
  • Legal Terms
  • Sport/IFs
  • Other organisations
  • Laboratories
  • Analytical aspects
  • Doping classes
  • Substances
  • Medical terms
  • Various
  • Version
  • Document category
  • Document type
Publication period
Origin