Peer Education strategies for promoting prevention of doping in different populations / P. Fallace, P. Aiese, E. Bianco, I. Bolognini, M.P. Costa, R. Esposito, F. Gallé, G. Liguori, R. Pandolfi, C. Pasquarella, G. Savino, F. Valeriani, V. Romano Spica. - (Annali di Igiene 31 (2019) 6 (November/December) ; p. 556-575)
- PMID: 31616900.
- DOI: 10.7416/ai.2019.2316
In the field of doping prevention, alongside the traditional functions of repression and control of the phenomenon, educational aspects are becoming increasingly important. Article 18 of the World Anti doping Code obliges the signatories to invest in anti-doping education with the aim of preserving the spirit of sport. The educational commitment should involve young people in health promotion interventions for the prevention of risk behaviors. Therefore, our attention has focused on finding the mechanisms that lead people to make certain behavioral choices.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
In the context of preventive programs, to counter the doping phenomenon through health promotion programs, the most recognized method is peer education, particularly with adolescents. It is an educational method according to which some members of a group are empowered and trained to carry out specific activities with their peers. It is constituted as an example of equal relationship and finds its basis in cooperation and solidarity with the aim of increasing empowerment and a healthy development of the identity and collective dimension in young people.
Numerous experts - biologists / nutritionists, hygienists, sports coaches, psychologists, teachers of physical education in secondary schools and other stakeholders have actively participated in the co-construction of a training package aimed at activating cascade training processes on the knowledge and skills of peer education in contexts of youth aggregation, such as schools, gyms, sports associations, social gatherings of all kinds. The path allowed to define a peer education model capable of enabling the participants to activate health promotion interventions for the prevention of doping risk behaviors, each in their own setting.
In conclusion, we can say that prevention programs are the more effective the more they are addressed to young people and adolescents and provide interactive and action-oriented interventions. Successful initiatives aim to emphasize the development of life skills and to influence numerous determinants of behavior, including individual attitudes, knowledge, motivations, interpersonal relationships and social norms. If the aim is to act on the change of behavior, the efforts will be more successful if the content of the intervention will give due consideration to the context in which it applies and the target population, involving it and addressing its specific needs and values.