Anabolic androgenic steroid abuse in young males

Anabolic androgenic steroid abuse in young males / Willem de Ronde, Diederik L. Smit. - (Endocrine Connections 9 (2020) 4 (April); p. 1-10).
- DOI: 10.1530/EC-19-0557
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Abstract

This review summarizes 10 years experience with male abusers of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). The typical user of AAS is male, aged between 20 and 40 and lifting weights. Illegal AAS are cheap and easily obtained via internet or local suppliers. AAS are mostly used in cycles with a duration between 6 and 18 weeks. Most AAS cycles contain multiple agents, used simultaneously in a dose vastly exceeding a substitution dose. A variety of other performance and image-enhancing drugs are commonly used, including human growth hormone, thyroid hormone, tamoxifen, clomiphene citrate and human chorionic gonadotrophin. Short-term clinical and biochemical side effects are well established. Longterm side effects are uncertain, but may include heart failure, mood-and anxiety disorders, hypogonadism and subfertility. We share our views on the management of common health problems associated with AAS abuse.

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Science
Review
Date:
31 March 2020
People
de Ronde, Willem
Smit, Diederik L.
Country
Netherlands
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English
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Spaarne Gasthuis - Spaarne Hospital
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Clomifene
Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG)
Tamoxifen
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Fertility
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Heart disease
Hypogonadism
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