Characteristics and Behaviors of Older Male Anabolic Steroid Users

Characteristics and Behaviors of Older Male Anabolic Steroid Users / Eric J. Ip, Karen Trinh, Michael J. Tenerowicz, Jai Pal, Tristan A. Lindfelt, Paul J. Perry. - (Journal of Pharmacy Practice 28 (2005) 5 (1 October); p. 450-456).
- PMID: 24643452.
- DOI: 10.1177/0897190014527319
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
To compare and contrast the characteristics of 2 groups of men ≥40 years old: reported anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) users and nonusers.

DESIGN:
Cross-sectional survey.

SETTING:
Thirty-eight online fitness, weight lifting, bodybuilding, and steroid Web sites.

PARTICIPANTS:
A total of 67 male AAS users and 76 male nonusers ≥40 years old.

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED:
Demographics, utilization of AAS and other performance-enhancing agents (PEAs), exercise patterns, history of illicit drugs and alcohol use, and psychiatric traits/diagnoses.

RESULTS:
The majority of AAS users ≥40 years old were caucasian (92.5%), heterosexual (97.0%), and classified themselves as recreational exercisers (79.1%). AAS users took more PEAs (11.5 ± 5.6 vs 4.6 ± 2.7; P < .001), were more likely to binge drink (47.8% vs 29.0%; P = .025), report heavy alcohol use (21.0% vs 7.9%; P = .031), meet criteria for substance dependence disorder (27.4% vs 4.0%; P < .001), and report an anxiety disorder diagnosis (12.0% vs 2.6%; P = .046) than nonusers.

CONCLUSIONS:
AAS misuse is prevalent among older men and is associated with polypharmacy, more aggressive alcohol use, and a higher incidence of substance dependence and anxiety disorders compared to nonusers. This information may help clinicians and researchers identify and develop appropriate intervention strategies for AAS abuse among older men.

Original document

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Science
Study
Date
18 March 2014
People
Ip, Eric J.
Lindfelt, Tristan A.
Pal, Jai
Perry, Paul J.
Tenerowicz, Michael J.
Trinh, Karen
Country
United States of America
Language
English
Other organisations
Touro University California
Doping classes
S1. Anabolic Agents
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Long term effects
Various
Gym/fitness environment
Document category
Scientific article
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Date generated
30 April 2020
Date of last modification
21 May 2020
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  • ADRV
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