Adverse cardiovascular effects of anabolic steroids : pathophysiology imaging / Reza Golestani, Riemer H. J. A. Slart, Robin P. F. Dullaart, Andor W. J. M. Glaudemans, Clark J. Zeebregts, Hendrikus H. Boersma, René A. Tio, Rudi A. J. O. Dierckx. - (European Journal of Clinical Investigation 42 (2012) 7 (July); p. 795-803).
- PMID: 22299602.
- DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2011.02642.x
Background: Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are widely abused for enhancing muscle mass, strength, growth and improving athletic performance.
Materials and methods: In recent years, many observational and interventional studies have shown important adverse cardiovascular effects of AAS abuse.
Conclusions: This review discusses established and future perspectives of novel molecular imaging techniques that may serve as potential tools for early detection of AAS-associated cardiovascular disorders.