Anabolic Steroids and Cardiovascular Outcomes: The Controversy

Anabolic Steroids and Cardiovascular Outcomes : The Controversy / Jamal C. Perry, Tayná M. Schuetz, Mohammad D. Memon, Sadaf Faiz, Ivan Cancarevic. - (Cureus 12 (2020)7 (22 July); p. 1-8)

  • PMID: 32850208
  • PMCID: PMC7444848
  • DOI: 10.7759/cureus.9333


Anabolic steroids (AS) are synthetic derivatives of the male sex hormone testosterone. The use of AS is not limited to bodybuilders and athletes, but non-athletes also use them. It is used to enhance athletic performance, induce muscle hypertrophy, and augment male sexual characteristics. AS use is associated with a wide range of side effects and potential cardiovascular complications. In this article, we have searched the available literature to investigate the association between AS use and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The results revealed that AS was linked to lipid metabolism derangements, hypertension, coagulation disorders, and cardiomyopathy. We concluded, based on the relevant data, that there was evidence that suggests an association with CVD, primarily myocardial infarction, fatal arrhythmias, and cardiomyopathy in AS users. The general population should be informed of the risk. Also, methods of primary and secondary prevention should be implemented to mitigate the risk of CVD secondary to AS.

Original document


22 July 2020
Faiz, Sadaf
Memon, Mohammad D.
Perry, Jamal C.
Schuetz, Tayná M.
United States of America
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California Institute of Behavioral Neurosciences and Psychology (CIBNP)
Doping classes
S1. Anabolic Agents
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Cardiovascular diseases
Health effects
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Scientific article
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Pdf file
Date generated
2 September 2020
Date of last modification
13 September 2020
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