Athletes using ergogenic and medical sport supplements report more favourable attitudes to doping than non-users

Athletes using ergogenic and medical sport supplements report more favourable attitudes to doping than non-users Philip Hurst, Christopher Ring, Maria Kavussanu. - (Journal of science and medicine in sport (2020) 22 September)

  • PMID: 32998850
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2020.09.012


Abstract

Objectives: Our study objectives were twofold: 1) examine whether users and non-users of different types of sport supplements vary in doping attitudes and sport supplement beliefs, and 2) determine whether the type of sport supplement is directly and indirectly (via sport supplement beliefs) related to doping attitudes.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Methods: Athletes (N=557; 77% male, mean±standard deviation; age=20.8±4.5 years, training=5.7±4.2h per week, competing=11.1±5.2 years) completed measures of sport supplement use, sport supplement beliefs, and doping attitudes. Sport supplements were classified into: ergogenic, medical, sport food and drinks, and superfoods.

Results: Compared to non-users, users of ergogenic (d=0.31, p<0.01) and medical (d=0.42, p<0.01) sport supplements reported more favourable attitudes towards doping. In addition, compared to non-users, users of ergogenic (d=1.10, p<0.01), medical (d=0.80, p<0.01) and sport food/drink (d=0.58, p<0.01) supplements reported stronger beliefs in the effectiveness of sport supplements to improve sport performance. Use of ergogenic, medical and sport food/drink supplements was indirectly related to doping attitudes via sport supplement beliefs.

Conclusions: Researchers examining the relationship between sport supplement use and doping should differentiate between sport supplement types to improve measurement accuracy. Sport practitioners administering ergogenic and medical sport supplements to athletes may need to provide additional anti-doping education to counteract any favourable attitudes towards doping.

Keywords: Drug; Performance-enhancing substances; Sports nutritional sciences; Surveys and questionnaires; World anti-doping agency.

Parameters

Science
Study
Date
22 September 2020
People
Hurst, Philip
Kavussanu, Maria
Ring, Christopher
Country
United Kingdom
Language
English
Other organisations
Canterbury Christ Church University (CCCU)
University of Birmingham
Various
Supplements
Document type
Pdf file
Date generated
5 October 2020
Date of last modification
8 October 2020
Category
  • Legal Source
  • Education
  • Science
  • Statistics
  • History
Country & language
  • Country
  • Language
Other filters
  • ADRV
  • Legal Terms
  • Sport/IFs
  • Other organisations
  • Laboratories
  • Analytical aspects
  • Doping classes
  • Substances
  • Medical terms
  • Various
  • Version
  • Document category
  • Document type
Publication period
Origin