Predicting intentions for long-term anabolic-androgenic steroid use among men: a covariance structure model

Predicting intentions for long-term anabolic-androgenic steroid use among men : a covariance structure model / Tom Hildebrandt, James Langenbucher, Sasha Carr, Pilar Sanjuan, Steff Park. - (Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 20 (2006) 3 (September); p. 234-240)

  • PMID: 16938061
  • DOI: 10.1037/0893-164X.20.3.234


Long-term use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) is associated with both positive and negative effects. The authors examined possible mechanisms by which these effects contribute to AAS satisfaction and predict intentions for future AAS use. Five hundred male AAS users completed an interactive Web-based instrument assessing the psychological and physical effects of AAS use. Covariance structure modeling was used to evaluate both direct and indirect effects of AAS consequences on satisfaction with AASs and intentions for future AAS use. Results suggest that gain in muscle mass and psychological benefits from AAS use uniquely contributed to both AAS satisfaction and intentions for future use. Side effects from AAS use also uniquely contributed to AAS satisfaction, but ancillary drug use was found to partially mediate this relationship, suggesting that the satisfaction of experienced AAS users is enhanced by their mastery of side effects through the use of ancillary drugs. The final model explained 29% of the variance in intentions for future AAS use. Mechanisms for sustained AAS use and implications for intervention and prevention strategies are discussed.

Original document


Research / Study
1 September 2006
Carr, Sasha
Hildebrandt, Tom
Langenbucher, James W.
United States of America
Weightlifting (IWF) - International Weightlifting Federation
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Center of Alcohol Studies (CAS)
Rutgers University
Doping classes
S1. Anabolic Agents
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Health effects
Long term effects
Mental disorders
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Scientific article
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Date generated
10 February 2021
Date of last modification
2 December 2021
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