Anti-doping and other sport integrity challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic

Anti-doping and other sport integrity challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic / Giscard Lima, Borja Muniz-Pardos, Alexander Kolliari-Turner, Blair Hamilton, Fergus M. Guppy, Gerasimos Grivas, Andrew Bosch, Paolo Borrione, Alessia Di Gianfrancesco, Chiara Fossati, Fabio Pigozzi, Yannis Pitsiladis. - (Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 61 (2021) 8 (August); p. 1173-1183)

  • PMID: 34256541
  • DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12777-X


The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has had an unprecedent impact on the world of sport and society at large. Many of the challenges with respect to integrity previously facing competitive sport have been accentuated further during the pandemic. Threats to the integrity of sporting competition include traditional doping, issues of technological fairness, and integration of transgender and intersex athletes in elite sport. The enforced lull in competitive sport provides an unprecedented opportunity for stakeholders in sport to focus on unresolved integrity issues and develop and implement long-lasting solutions. There needs to be a concerted effort to focus on the many technological innovations accelerated by and perfected during COVID-19 that have enabled us to work from home, such as teaching students on-line, applications for medical advice, prescriptions and referrals, and treating patients in hospitals/care homes via video links and use these developments and innovations to enhance sport integrity and anti-doping procedures. Positive sports integrity actions will require a considered application of all such technology, as well as the inclusion of "omics" technology, big data, bioinformatics and machine learning/artificial intelligence approaches to modernize sport. Applications include protecting the health of athletes, considered non-discriminative integration of athletes into elite sport, intelligent remote testing to improve the frequency of anti-doping tests, detection windows, and the potential combination with omics technology to improve the tests' sensitivity and specificity in order to protect clean athletes and deter doping practices.

Original document


13 July 2021
Borrione, Paolo
Bosch, Andrew
Fossati, Chiara
Gianfrancesco, Alessia
Grivas, Gerasimos
Guppy, Ferus M.
Hamilton, Blair
Kolliari-Turner, Alexander
Lima, Giscard
Muniz-Pardos, Borja
Pigozzi, Fabio
Pitsiladis, Yannis P.
Legal Terms
Anti-Doping policy
Other organisations
Organizzazione Nazionale Anti Doping (NADO Italia) - Italian Anti-Doping Organization
Universidad de Zaragoza - University of Zaragoza
Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro italico" - Foro Italico University of Rome
University of Brighton
University of Cape Town (UCT)
Σχολή Ναυτικών Δοκίμων (ΣΝΔ) - Hellenic Naval Cadets Academy
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Doping control
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Scientific article
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Pdf file
Date generated
31 August 2021
Date of last modification
1 September 2021
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