Muscle Dysmorphia Among Current and Former Steroid Users

Muscle Dysmorphia Among Current and Former Steroid Users / Rebecca Davies, Dave Smith, Kevan Collier. - (Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology 5 (2011) 1 (March) ; p. 77-94)

  • DOI: 10.1123/jcsp.5.1.77


This study examined the presence and experience of muscle dysmorphia among current and former steroid-using recreational bodybuilders. The Muscle Dysmorphia Inventory was given to 60 male participants, with 9 of these being interviewed to examine the predisposing factors, characteristics, and negative consequences of muscle dysmorphia comprising Lantz, Rhea, and Mayhew’s (2001) conceptual model. Quantitative results from the MDI data showed no significant differences between current and former steroid users in their experiences of muscle dysmorphia. In contrast, interviews suggested that former users appeared to be more susceptible to some of the characteristics of muscle dysmorphia, including physique protection and body distortion/dissatisfaction, which suggests perhaps a limitation in the amount of information that can be extracted from a questionnaire. These preliminary findings also raise concerns about the lack of a diagnostic tool available for the condition and are discussed in relation to Lantz et al.’s (2001) conceptual model.

Original document


Research / Study
1 March 2011
Collier, Kevan
Davies, Rebecca
Smith, Dave
United Kingdom
Bodybuilding & Fitness (IFBB) - International Federation of Bodybuilding & Fitness
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Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU)
Medical terms
Muscle dysmorphia
Gym/fitness environment
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Scientific article
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Pdf file
Date generated
3 November 2021
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