IOC Schmid Commission - Report on Russia and the Disappearing Positive Methodology

IOC Disciplinary Commission's Report to the IOC Executive Board / Schmid Commission. - Lausanne : International Olympic Committee (IOC), 2017

The IOC Disciplinary Commission considers and concludes that:

- all the IOC DC's conclusions, on both factual and legal aspects, confirm the systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia, through the Disappearing Positive Methodology and during the Olympic Winter Games Sochi 2014, as well as the various levels of administrative, legal and contractual responsibility, resulting from the failure to respect the respective obligations of the various entities involved.
- the operational side of the fight against doping, regulation and practical terms, was under the authority of the Russian Ministry of Sport, according to the governmental structure; therefore, the then Minister of Sport has to bear the major part of the administrative responsibility;
- even if the ROC did not have the operational responsibility nor was it involved in the operations regarding the fight against doping during the Olympic Winter Games Sochi 2014, it has to bear the legal and contractual responsibility pursuant to the Olympic Charter and the HCC; and
- WADA decided not to reinstate RUSADA, as this entity is still not fulfilling all its obligations under the WADA Code, despite the measures already undertaken by the Russian authorities in the field of the fight against doping.

As a consequence, the IOC DC recommends to the IOC EB:

- to take the appropriate measures that should be strong enough to effectively sanction the existence of a systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia, as well as the legal responsibility of the various entities involved (i.e. including uniform, flag and anthem);
- while protecting the rights of the individual Russian clean athletes; and
- to take into consideration the multiple costs incurred by the two IOC DCs, in particular those linked to the investigations, the various expertise and the re-analysis of the samples of the Olympic Games.

Table of contents

1 Introduction
1.1 The IOC Executive Board decision on 19 July 2016
1.2 IOC DC methodology and timing

2 Elements reviewed by the IOC DC
2.1 Russian Sports Structure
2.1.1 Ministry of Sports
2.1.2 Centre of Sports Preparation of National Teams of Russia (CSP)
2.1.3 Russian Federal Research Centre of Physical Culture and Sport ("VNIIFK")
2.1.4 Russian National Anti-Doping Agency
2.1.5 Moscow Anti-Doping Laboratory
2.1.6 Russian Olympic Committee
2.1.7 Organising Committee for the Olympic Winter Games Sochi 2014 (SOCOG)
2.2 Information at the disposal of the IOC DC
2.2.1 ARD Programme on 4 December 2014
2.2.2 WADA's Independent Commission First Report
2.2.3 Consequences of the WADA's Independent Commission First Report
2.2.4 WADA's Independent Commission's Final Report
2.2.5 Dr Grigory Rodchenkov's declarations in the New York Times
2.2.6 WADA's Independent Person's Preliminary Report
2.2.7 WADA's Independent Person's Final Report
2.2.8 Icarus - Documentary produced by Mr Bryan Fogel
2.2.9 Analysis of the Evidentiary Disclosure Package (EDP)
2.2.10 Laboratory Information Management System of Moscow Laboratory
2.2.11 WADA's position on RUSADA's compliance
2.3 Forensic and Biological Analysis
2.3.1 ESC-LAD Forensic Analysis
2.3.2 CHUV Biological Analysis
2.3.3 Aggregated results of the Forensic and Biological Analysis
2.4 Observations made by representatives of the Russian authorities

3 Conclusions by the IOC Disciplinary Commission
3.1 Conclusions regarding the factual aspects
3.2 Conclusions regarding the legal aspects

4 Recommendations to the IOC Executive Board

Appendices to the IOC Disciplinary Commission's Report

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2 December 2017
Mitchell, Robin
Ryan, Andrew
Schmid, Samuel
Schobersberger, Wolfgang
Yang, Yang
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
Russian Federation
Tampering / attempted tampering
Legal Terms
Anti-Doping policy
Circumstantial evidence
Digital evidence
Independent Testing Authority (ITA)
Removal of accreditation for the Olympic Games
Other organisations
Center of Sports Preparation of National Teams of Russia (CSP)
Government of the Russian Federation
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
Olympiyskiy Komitet Rossii (OKR) - Russian Olympic Committee (ROC)
Russian Federal Security Service (FSB)
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)
Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт физической культуры и спорт (ВНИИФК) - Federal Science Center for Physical Culture and Sport (FSBI)
Российское антидопинговое агентство (РУСАДА) - Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA)
Analytical aspects
DNA analysis
Forensic investigation
Anti-Doping investigation
Athlete support personnel
Disappearing positive methodology
Doping control
Doping culture
McLaren report
Publicity / public disclosure
Schmid Commission
Sports officials
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