FIM 2016 FIM vs Anastasiy Nifontova - Settlement

13 Mar 2919

In November 2016 the International Motorcycling Federation (FIM) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Russian rider Anastasiy Nifontova after her sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Meldonium. After notification a provisional suspension was ordered.

The Athlete demonstrated with medical evidence that the violation was not intentional because she underwent treatment for her health problems and had used prescribed medication which she mentioned on the Doping Control Form.

FIM accepts that the violation was not intentional due to the prescribed medication for a legitimate medical condition but deems that there are no grounds for No Significant Fault or Negligence.

The parties in this case reached a settlement agreement and accordingly on 13 March 2019 a 2 year period of ineligibility was imposed on the Athlete starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 14 November 2016.

IOC - Medals, Diplomas and Medallist Pins Reallocation - June 2021

8 Jun 2021

Medals, Diplomas and Medallist Pins Reallocation 

  • Olympic Games London 2012
  • Olympic Winter Games PyeongChang 2018

/ International Olympic Committee Executive Board (EB). - Lausanne : International Olympic Committee (IOC), 2021


The IOC Executive Board (EB) took the decision to reallocate medals, diplomas and medallist pins from the Olympic Games London 2012 and the Olympic Winter Games PyeongChang 2018, based on decisions made by the IOC Disciplinary Commission and the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

Following the disqualification of certain athletes, the results have been adjusted accordingly by the International Federations involved.

In the men’s 69kg weightlifting event at London 2012, the third-placed and sixth-placed athletes have been disqualified, so the bronze medal is reallocated to Myong Hyok Kim of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and the subsequent ranking until eighth place has been adjusted.

In the women’s 69kg weightlifting event at London 2012, the second-placed, third-placed and fourth-placed athletes have been disqualified. 

As the reallocation of medals can be undertaken only if the athletes concerned are not currently under suspension for an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) and/or no anti-doping proceedings are currently initiated against them, the IOC EB decided not to reallocate the silver medal to Anna Nurmukhambetova of Kazakhstan at the present time, as she is currently suspended for an ADRV until 17 September 2023.

The bronze medal is reallocated to Ubaldina Valoyes Cuesta of Colombia, and the subsequent ranking until eighth place has been adjusted.

Other diplomas and medallist pins from London 2012 and PyeongChang 2018 have also been reallocated. 

For reference, the reallocation of medals is not automatic and is decided by the IOC on a case-by-case basis. If the IOC decides to reallocate the medals, this takes place only after all the remedies of the sanctioned athletes or teams have been exhausted and once all procedures are closed.

Where such samples are available, at least one sample from any athlete bumped up should be reanalysed and confirmed negative. If no sample is available to be re-analysed, the athlete is given the benefit of the doubt.

Since 2018, athletes can choose from six options for receiving their reallocated medals in a way that recognises their achievements. This is in accordance with the Olympic Medal Reallocation Principles that were proposed by the IOC Athletes’ Commission and subsequently approved by the IOC EB.

Stanozolol-N-glucuronide metabolites in human urine samples as suitable targets in terms of routine anti-doping analysis

5 Jun 2021

Stanozolol-N-glucuronide metabolites in human urine samples as suitable targets in terms of routine anti-doping analysis / Lorenz Göschl, Günter Gmeiner, Peter Gärtner, Georg Stadler, Valentin Enev, Mario Thevis, Wilhelm Schänzer, Sven Guddat, Guro Forsdahl. - (Drug Testing and Analysis (2021) 5 June)

  • PMID: 34089570
  • DOI: 10.1002/dta.3109


Abstract

The exogenous anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) stanozolol stays one of the most detected substances in professional sports. Its detection is a fundamental part of doping analysis, and the analysis of this steroid has been intensively investigated for a long time. This contribution to the detection of stanozolol doping describes for the first time the unambiguous proof for the existence of 17-epistanozolol-1'N-glucuronide and 17-epistanozolol-2'N-glucuronide in stanozolol-positive human urine samples due to the access to high-quality reference standards. Examination of excretion study samples shows large detection windows for the phase-II metabolites stanozolol-1'N-glucuronide and 17-epistanozolol-1'N-glucuronide up to 12 days and respectively up to almost 28 days. In addition, we present appropriate validation parameters for the analysis of these metabolites using a fully automatic method online solid-phase extraction (SPE) method already published before. Limits of identification (LOIs) as low as 100 pg/ml and other validation parameters like accuracy, precision, sensitivity, robustness, and linearity are given.

FEI 2019 FEI vs Nicole Walker

4 Jun 2021

Related case:

CAS 2020/A/6695 Nicole Walker v. PANAM Sports
CAS 2020/A/6700 Equestrian Canada v. PANAM Sports
CAS 2020/A/7386 PANAM Sports v. Nicole Walker and Equestrian Canada
April 22, 2021



In August 2019 the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Canadian Athlete Nicole Walker after her A and B samples tested positive for the prohibited substance Cocaine. Consequently the Panam Sports Disciplinairy Commission decided on 11 Decemer 2019 to disqualify the Athlete and her results related to Team Canada.

Hereafter the case was referred to the International Equestrian Federation (FEI) and in November 2019 a provisional suspension was ordered.

The Athlete denied the intentional use of Cocaine and explained with evidence that the positive test was the result of her ingestion of tea at the hotel where she stayed at the occasion of the Pan American Games. She was not aware at that time that the green tea she took was in fact coca tea. She provided statement's from the Hotel's manager which confirmed that coca tea was offered to its guests.

The parties in this case reached an agreement and requested the FEI Tribunal to issue a Decision incorporating the terms of this agreement. The FEI Tribunal settled the case based on the written submissions of the parties.

The parties agreed that the violation was not intentional and that the Athlete bears No Significant Fault or Negligence with a light degree of Fault or Negligence. The Athlete accepted the sanction and agreed to fulfil the Education Requirement within 1 year.

Therefore the FEI Tribunal decides on 4 June 2021 in accordance with the mutual consent of the Parties to impose a fine and a 1 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on 26 September 2019.

Investigation of the urinary excretion of prednisolone and metabolites after nasal administration: relevance to doping control /

3 Jun 2021

Investigation of the urinary excretion of prednisolone and metabolites after nasal administration : relevance to doping control / Koen Deventer, Michael Polet, Wim Van Gansbeke, F. Hooghe, H. Van Hoecke, P. Van Eenoo. - (Drug Testing and Analysis (2021) 3 June)

  • PMID: 34081842
  • DOI: 10.1002/dta.3105

Abstract

Glucocorticosteroid (GC) use in sport is restricted to non-systemic (nasal/ophtamological/dermatological/intra-articular) use. Systemic use is prohibited because of strong inflammatory suppressing effects. Prednisolone is a GC proven to be very effective in the treatment of nasal congestions and allergic rhinitis and its therapeutic use is allowed. To establish normal urinary concentration ranges for nasally administered prednisolone, an excretion study was performed with Sofrasolone® (nasal-inhaler). 6 volunteers were administered a high dose (4.5 mg prednisolone in 4 gifts over a 9 hour period). Samples were analysed using a validated LC-MS/MS method monitoring prednisolone (PRED) and the metabolites prednisone (PREDON), 20β-dihydroprednisolone (20βPRED) and 20β-dihydroprednisolone (20βPRED) in the total fraction (glucuroconjugated and free). Maximum concentrations were 266, 500, 350 and 140 ng/ml for PRED, PREDON, 20βPRED and 20βPRED, respectively. These results show that the current reporting limit of 30 ng/ml in urine can be easily exceeded after therapeutic use. Hence, to avoid false-positive findings related to nasal application, this limit should be increased. To investigate the degree of glucuronidation of PRED and its metabolites also the free fraction was investigated. This shows that PREDON has the highest glucuroconjugation (50%). PRED, 20βPRED and 20βPRED only show less than 20% conjugation.

Declining track and field performance trends in recent years in the Austrian best results 1897-2019

1 Jun 2021

Declining track and field performance trends in recent years in the Austrian best results 1897-2019 / Bergita Ganse, Hans Degens. - (Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions 21 (2021) 2 (1 June); p. 196-205)

  • PMID: 34059565
  • PMCID: PMC8185268


Abstract

Objectives: Plateauing of world records in sports has been suggested to reflect the limits of human physiology. Possible explanations include reduced doping or declining popularity that may even lead to a decrease in human performance. Such a decrease, however, has not yet been observed. We hypothesized that rather than a performance plateau, performance has recently declined.

Methods: Fifteen athletic disciplines of the Austrian annual rankings were analyzed by regression statistics and the average best performance of the last 20 years compared to earlier periods.

Results: The best performances occurred between 1980-1999 and were on average 2.56% (men) and 1.67% (women) better than between 2000-2019. This attenuation was significant in men in 200 m, 800 m, 1500 m, 10 km, long jump, javelin throw (p<0.05), high jump, pole vault, discus throw, shot put and hammer throw (p<0.001); and in women in 400 m, long jump, discus throw (p<0.05) and high jump (p<0.001). The greatest performance declines were observed in the men's shot put (9.11%) and hammer throw (11.44%).

Conclusions: The Austrian track and field annual best results show a performance decline following a peak, instead of a plateau. Future studies should address the causes and whether this also applies to other sports and countries.

Broadening the Horizon of Antidoping Analytical Approaches Using Dried Blood Spots

1 Jun 2021

Broadening the Horizon of Antidoping Analytical Approaches Using Dried Blood Spots / Mario Thevis. - (Clinical Chemistry (2021) 1 June; p. 1-3)

  • PMID: 34060612
  • DOI: 10.1093/clinchem/hvab074

Steroidgebrauch bei Freizeit-Bodybuildern = Steroid Use in Free Time Bodybuilders

1 Jun 2021

Steroidgebrauch bei Freizeit-Bodybuildern = Steroid Use in Free Time Bodybuilders / Felicitas Michels-Lucht, Jan Schirmer, Thomas Klauer, Harald Freyberger, Michael Lucht. - (Psychotherie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie 61(2011) 12; 512-517)

  • DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1295454


Abstract

A sample of 74 male bodybuilders was analyzed for relationships between steroid abuse (abuse n=31; no abuse n=43) and self-esteem (Multidimensionale Selbstwertskala MSWS), body-image (Body-Image Questionnaire FK-ASA) as well as teasing (Physical Appearance Related Teasing Scale PARTS). In a logistic regression analysis age (p=0.001), low values for body expression (p=0.036) and high self-esteem (p=0.024) predicted steroid intake; training frequency or teasing experiences showed no effect. Contrary to earlier findings high and not low self-esteem was associated with steroid abuse. Because of the overlap between constructs narcissism and self-esteem further studies should disentangle the role of narcissism and self-esteem for steroid abuse in bodybuilders.

Validation of a Psychosocial Intervention on Body Image in Older People: An Experimental Design

31 May 2021

Validation of a Psychosocial Intervention on Body Image in Older People : An Experimental Design / Roberto Sánchez-Cabrero, Ana C. León-Mejía, Amaya Arigita-García. - (Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE (2021) 171 (31 May); e62506)

  • PMID: 34125089
  • DOI: 10.3791/62506


Abstract

For most people, body satisfaction is crucial to develop both a positive self-concept and self-esteem, and therefore, it can influence mental health and well-being. This idea has been tested with younger people, but no studies explore whether body image interventions are useful when people age. This research validates a specific program designed for older people (IMAGINA Specific Body Image Program). This is done by employing a mixed experimental design, with between-subject and within-subject comparisons that focus on body satisfaction before and after experimental treatment, comparing two groups. Using this experimental methodology makes it possible to identify the effect of the intervention in a group of 176 people. The score obtained with the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was the dependent variable, and the IMAGINA program was the independent one. As for age, gender, relationship status, season, and residence environment, these were controlled variables. There were significant differences in body satisfaction between the two programs, obtaining better results with IMAGINA. The controlled variables had a much less significant effect than the treatment. Therefore, it is possible to improve body satisfaction in older adults through interventions similar to the one presented here.

ISR 2019 KNAU Decision Disciplinary Committee 2019011 T

31 May 2021

Related case:

BND 2021 Dopingautoriteit Decision Appeal Commmittee National Doping Regulations 2019011 AB
April 8, 2021

In December 2019 the Royal Dutch Athletics Association (KNAU) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Person after her A and B samples tested positive for the prohibited substance Modafinil, without a valid TUE and without a medical prescription.

After notification in October 2019 a provisional suspension was ordered. The Person filed a statement in her defence and she was heard for the ISR KNAU Disciplinary Committee.

The Dopingautoriteit contended that the Person had used the substance without a valid TUE and accordingly had committed an anti-doping rule violation. It accepted that the violation was not intentional and that she bears No Significant Fault or Negligence.

The Person admitted the violation and accepted the test results. She explained that she suffered from Narcolepsy using Modafinil as self-treatment. She acknowledged that in 2019 she became aware that the use of the substance in-competition was prohibited. For that reason she stopped using her medication 4 days before the competition in question.

Meanwhile medical examination had diagnosed that the Person suffered from ADHD while her Narcolepsy was misdiagnosed. With a valid prescription for Modafinil from her doctor she applied in November 2020 for a retroactive TUE. On 30 November 2020 the TUE Commission granted the Person a TUE for the use of Modafinil starting on 12 November 2020, yet without retroactive effect.

Hereafter in February 2021 the Person appealed the decision of the TUE Commission with the Appeal Committee National Doping Regulations (BND) which decided on 8 April 2021 to approve the Person's request for a retroactive TUE, starting backdated on the date of the sample collection.

The Dopingautoriteit requested the ISR KNAU Disciplinary Committee in April 2021 to suspend the proceedings pending approval from WADA regarding the Person's retroactive TUE. Further in May 2021 the Dopingautoriteit contended that the Person had received a retroactive TUE for her ADHD despite she had committed an anti-doping rule violation for using the prohibited substance Modafinil as self-treatment for her Narcolepsy.

The Disciplinary Committee finds that there were insufficient grounds to suspend the proceedings pending a response from WADA regarding the retroactive TUE. Further it deems that the Athlete's use of the prohibited substance based on her misdiagnosis for Narcolepsy does not effect the BND's Final Ruling for granting a retroactive TUE for the use of Modafinil.

Therefore the ISR KNAU Disciplinary Committee concludes that under the Rules the charges against the Person are unsubstantiated and decides on 31 May 2021 to acquit the Person.

Fees and expenses for this committee shall be borne by the KNAU and the Person.

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