Welcome to DOPING.nl, the Anti-Doping Knowledge Center

This site has been established to host information about doping in the broadest sense of the word, and about doping prevention.

Initiator

The Anti-Doping Authority Netherlands (the Dutch Doping Authority for short) established this site and maintains it. The Doping Authority was founded in 1989 and it is one of the oldest NADOs in the world. Doping.nl was developed with financial support from the Dutch Ministry for Health, Welfare and Sport.

Goals

This website was established because of the importance that the Doping Authority and the Ministry attach to the dissemination of information relevant to doping prevention. Disclosing and supplying relevant information is one of the cornerstones in the fight against doping in sport. However, in practice, a significant amount of information is still not available, or only available to a limited group of users. We therefore decided to bring together all the relevant information in a single site: Doping.nl.

Activities

The Doping Authority aims to supply as much information through this website as possible on an ongoing basis. The information will be varied but will focus primarily on: WADA documents like the World Anti-Doping Code, the International Standards like the Prohibited List, Doping Regulations, scientific articles and abstracts, decisions by disciplinary bodies (mainly CAS decisions).As well as making documents available, the Doping Authority aims to supply searchable documents when possible, and to add relevant keywords to ensure easy access.
In the future, Doping.nl will also become a digital archive containing older information that is no longer available elsewhere.

Target readers

This site has been designed for use by anti-doping professionals such as National Anti-Doping Organisations and International Federations but also for students, journalists and other people interested in the subject.

More information explaining how to use this website can be found under "help".

TJD-AD 2018-031 Disciplinary Decision - Athletics

13 Mar 2018

Related case:

TJD-AD 2018-052 Appeal Decision - Athletics
June 6, 2018

The Brazilian Doping Control Authority (ABCD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Athlete after his A and B samples tested positive for the prohibited substance Recombinant Human Erythropoietin (rhEPO).

Previously the Athlete was sanctioned for 2 months until December 2010 for the presence of Oxilofrine (methylsynephrine) and again sanctioned for 4 years until October 2016 for the presence of EPO.

After notification a provisional suspension was ordered. The Athlete filed a statement in his defence and he was heard for the Brazilian Sports Justice Anti-Doping Tribunal.

The Athlete denied the intentional use of the substance and asserted with evidence that he had used prescribed iron supplements as treatment for his condition.

The TJD-AD Panel finds that the presence of a prohibited substance has been established in the Athlete's sample and accordingly that he committed an anti-doping rule violation. Further the Panel considers that this is the Athlete's 3rd anti-doping rule violation and that there had been delays in the proceedings not attributed to the Athlete.

Therefore the TJD-AD Panel decides by majority on 13 March 2018 to impose a 30 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting backdated on the date of the sample collection, i.e. on 9 June 2017.

TJD-AD 2018-025 Disciplinary Decision - Wrestling

13 Mar 2018

In December 2020 the Brazilian Doping Control Authority (ABCD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the wrestler after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substances 19-norandrostenedione, 19-noretiocholanolone (Nandrolone) and Tamoxifen.

After notification the Athlete admitted the violation, accepted a provisional suspension and signed the Acceptance of Consequences Form for a sanction proposed by ABCD. WADA granted a 1 month reduction of the sanction.

Thereupon the Brazilian Sports Justice Anti-Doping Tribunal (TJD-AD) was requested to render a decision in accordance with the agreement between the parties that allows one month reduction of the sanction.

Therefore theTJD-AD decides on 13 March 2018 to impose a 3 year and 11 month period of ineligibility on the Athlete.

World Athletics 2021 WA vs Yelena Arzhakova

11 Jul 2022

Ms. Yelena Arzhakova is a Russian Athlete competing at the Helsinki 2012 IAAF European Championships and at the London 2012 Olympic Games.

Previously the Athlete served a 2 year period of ineligibility from January 2013 until January 2015 for a ABP violation including disqualification of her results from 12 July 2011.

In 2016, Professor Richard McLaren issued two reports about systemic doping in Russia. These reports identified a significant number of Russian athletes who were involved in, or benefitted from, the doping schemes and practices that he uncovered.

Hereafter in January 2019 the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) recovered the internal database of the Moscow Laboratory (LIMS). Following investigation of allegations of organized doping practices, and in particular of the LIMS, WADA provided international federations with investigation reports on the athletes implicated in these organized doping practices.

As a result in December 2021 the Athletics Integrity Unit (AIU) of World Athletics reported a new anti-doping rule violation against the Athlete Yelena Arzhakova for the use of the prohibited substances Ostarine and Testosterone.

After notification the Athlete failed to respond to the AIU communications. Without her response the AIU deems that she has waived her right to a hearing, to have accepted the asserted anti-doping rule violations and the sanction rendered by the AIU.

The AIU considers that the Athlete had already served a 2 year period of ineligibility until January 2015, including disqualification of her results from 12 July 2011. Under the Rules the AIU concludes that the 2012 violations shall be considered as a single first violation together with the previous violations committed.

Further the AIU holds that the Athlete's 2012 violations can be subject to a more severe sanction. Consequently due to aggravating circumstances an additional period of ineligibility of 2 years can be imposed on the Athlete for the 2012 anti-doping rule violations including disqualifation of all her results.

Therefore the AIU decides on 11 July 2022 to impose a 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting on the date of the Decision. All the Athlete's results from 29 January 2015 onwards are disqualified with all of the resulting consequences, including forfeiture of any medals, titles, points, prize money and prizes.

World Athletics 2021 WA vs Kirill Ikonnikov

9 Jun 2022

Related case:

IOC 2016 IOC vs Kirill Ikonnikov
October 19, 2016


Mr. Kirill Ikonnikov is a Russian Athlete competing at the London 2012 Olympic Games.

Previously the Athlete was sanctioned for 2 years until November 2014 for his first anti-doping rule violation and sanctioned for another 8 years from April 2016 until April 2024 for his second anti-doping rule violation.

In 2016, Professor Richard McLaren issued two reports about systemic doping in Russia. These reports identified a significant number of Russian athletes who were involved in, or benefitted from, the doping schemes and practices that he uncovered.

Hereafter in January 2019 the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) recovered the internal database of the Moscow Laboratory (LIMS). Following investigation of allegations of organized doping practices, and in particular of the LIMS, WADA provided international federations with investigation reports on the athletes implicated in these organized doping practices.

As a result in December 2021 the Athletics Integrity Unit (AIU) of World Athletics reported new multiple anti-doping rule violations against the Athlete committed in 2012 and in 2014 for the use of the prohibited substances Dehydrochlormethyltestosterone, Desoxymethyltestosterone, Methasterone and Oxandrolone.

After notification the Athlete failed to respond to the AIU communications. Without his response the AIU deems that he has waived his right to a hearing, to have accepted the asserted anti-doping rule violations and the sanction rendered by the AIU.

The AIU considers that the Athlete had already served a 2 year period of ineligibility for his first anti-doping rule violation and currently is serving an 8 year period of ineligibility for his second anti-doping rule violation including disqualification of his results.

Under the Rules the AIU concludes that the 2012 violations shall be considered as a single first violation together with the first committed anti-doping rule violations. Also the 2014 violations shall be considered a second violation together with the committed second anti-doping rule violations.

The AIU establish that there are aggravating circumstances in this case and that an additional period of ineligibility of 2 years can be imposed on the Athlete for the 2012 anti-doping rule violations.

The AIU holds that the Athlete had already received the maximum sanction of 8 years for his second anti-doping rule violation. It follows that no additional period of ineligibility can be imposed for the 2014 anti-doping rule violations.

Therefore the AIU decides on 9 June 2022 to impose a additional 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete to run consecutively to the 8 year period of ineligibility that the Athlete is currently serving for his second anti-doping rule violation since 4 April 2016.

In addition to the Athlete's results that already had been disqualified the AIU deems that now all the Athlete's results from 4 July 2012 shall be disqualified until the date of this decision.

ECB 2022 ECB vs Tom Wood

24 Jun 2022

In February 2022 the English and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Cricket player Tom Wood after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Terbutaline.

After notification a provisional suspension was ordered. The Athlete filed a statement in his defence and he was heard for the National Anti-Doping Panel.

The Athlete admitted the violation and denied the intentional use of the substance. He demonstrated with evidence that he suffered from asthma since he was a child and that the Terbutaline was used as prescribed medication.

The Athlete requested for a reduced sanction on the basis of No Significant Fault or Negligence. He asserted that in his career the Club's medical staff was aware of his use of his inhaler whereas the anti-doping training he had received was inadequate.

He understood that as a second team player using medication he could apply retrospectively. Yet, his application for a retroactive TUE was rejected in December 2021.

The ECB already had accepted that the violation was not intentional and that the substance was used as prescribed medication. The ECB acknowledged that in the ADR and in the material published online it remained unclear to determine if a player is in the National TUE Pool and whether he must apply in advance for a TUE or can apply retroactively.

Considering the evidence in this case the Sole Arbitrator did not accept the Athlete's assertion that the anti-doping training he had received was inadequate in respect of advance or retroactive TUE applications.

Yet, on a balance of probabilities the Sole Arbitrator concludes that the Athlete and his Club were convinced that applying for a TUE for the Athlete and his inhaler in the case was not a priority and that he could apply retroactively if he was ever tested and it returned positive.

In view of the circumstances the Sole Arbitrator deems that the Athlete acted with No Significant Fault or Negligence. Further the Sole Arbitrator regards that there was some substantial delay in the proceedings due to the Athlete's application for a retroactive TUE based upon advice received.

Therefore the National Anti-Doping Panel decides on 24 June 2022 to impose a 6 month period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting back dated on 8 January 2022.

TED 2015_15 CNCD vs Francisco Ruiz Gavilán

26 Nov 2015

In July 2015 the National Doping Control Commission of Chile (CNCD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the rower Francisco Ruiz Gavilán after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Furosemide.

After notification a provisional suspension was ordered and the Athlete was heard for the Disciplinary Panel of the Tribunal de Expertos en Dopaje (TED).

The Athlete admitted the violation and denied the intentional use of the substance. He explained that the substance was used to stay within the intended weight class.

The Panel finds that the presence of a prohibited substance has been established in the Athlete's sample and accordingly that he committed an anti-doping rule violation.

Therefore the TED Disciplinary Panel decides on 26 November 2015 to impose 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 2 July 2015.

TED 2015_12 CNCD vs Rodígo Muñoz Stantibáñez

26 Nov 2015

In July 2015 the National Doping Control Commission of Chile (CNCD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the rower Rodígo Muñoz Stantibáñez after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substances Canrenone and Furosemide.

After notification a provisional suspension was ordered and the Athlete was heard for the Disciplinary Panel of the Tribunal de Expertos en Dopaje (TED).

The Athlete admitted the violation and denied the intentional use of the substance. He explained that the substance was used to stay within the intended weight class.

The Panel finds that the presence of a prohibited substances has been established in the Athlete's sample and accordingly that he committed an anti-doping rule violation.

Therefore the TED Disciplinary Panel decides on 26 November 2015 to impose 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 2 July 2015.

TED 2015_11 CNCD vs Nelson Martínez Hodde

26 Nov 2015

In July 2015 the National Doping Control Commission of Chile (CNCD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the rower Nelson Martínez Hodde after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Furosemide.

After notification a provisional suspension was ordered and the Athlete was heard for the Disciplinary Panel of the Tribunal de Expertos en Dopaje (TED).

The Athlete admitted the violation and denied the intentional use of the substance. He explained that the substance was used to stay within the intended weight class.

The Panel finds that the presence of a prohibited substance has been established in the Athlete's sample and accordingly that he committed an anti-doping rule violation.

Therefore the TED Disciplinary Panel decides on 26 November 2015 to impose 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 2 July 2015.

TED 2015_08 CNCD vs Francisco Moreno Cornejo

22 Sep 2015

In April 2015 the National Doping Control Commission of Chile (CNCD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the cyclist Francisco Moreno Cornejo after his A and B samples tested positive for the prohibited substance Hydrochlorothiazide.

After notification a provisional suspension was ordered and the Athlete was heard for the Disciplinary Panel of the Tribunal de Expertos en Dopaje (TED).

The Panel finds that the presence of a prohibited substance has been established in the Athlete's sample and accordingly that he committed an anti-doping rule violation.

The Panel considers that the Athlete explained how the substance had entered his system without grounds for a reduced sanction.

Therefore the TED Disciplinary Panel decides on 22 September 2015 to impose 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 1 April 2015.

TED 2015_07 CNCD vs Pablo Gómez Valenzuela

22 Sep 2015

In April 2015 the National Doping Control Commission of Chile (CNCD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the cyclist Pablo Gómez Valenzuela after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substances 19-norandrosterone 19-noretiocholanolone (Nandrolone) and Mesterolone.

After notification a provisional suspension was ordered and the Athlete failed to attend the hearing of the Disciplinary Panel of the Tribunal de Expertos en Dopaje (TED).

The Panel finds that the presence of prohibited substancse has been established in the Athlete's sample and accordingly that he committed an anti-doping rule violation.

Therefore the TED Disciplinary Panel decides on 22 September 2015 to impose 4 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete, starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 1 April 2015.

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