Welcome

Welcome to Doping.nl, the Anti-Doping Knowledge Center.
This site has been established to host information about doping in the broadest sense of the word, and about doping prevention.

Initiator
The Anti-Doping Authority Netherlands (the Dutch Doping Authority for short) established this site and maintains it. The Doping Authority was founded in 1989 and it is one of the oldest NADOs in the world. Doping.nl was developed with financial support from the Dutch Ministry for Health, Welfare and Sport.

Goals
This website  was established because of the importance that the Doping Authority and the Ministry attach to the dissemination of information relevant to doping prevention. Disclosing and supplying relevant information is one of the cornerstones in the fight against doping in sport. However, in practice, a significant amount of information is still not available, or only available to a limited group of users. We therefore decided to bring together all the relevant information in a single site: Doping.nl.

Activities
The Doping Authority aims to supply as much information through this website as possible on an ongoing basis. The information will be varied but will focus primarily on: WADA documents like the World Anti-Doping Code, the International Standards like the Prohibited List, Doping Regulations, scientific articles and abstracts, decisions by disciplinary bodies (mainly CAS decisions).As well as making documents available, the Doping Authority aims to supply searchable documents when possible, and to add relevant keywords to ensure easy access.
In the future, Doping.nl will also become a digital archive containing older information that is no longer available elsewhere.

Target readers
This site has been designed for use by anti-doping professionals such as National Anti-Doping Organisations and International Federations but also for students, journalists and other people interested in the subject.

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Recently added documents More »

IAAF 2018 IAAF vs Meseret Taye

In February 2018 the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Ethiopian Athlete Meseret Taye after her sample tested positive for the prohibited substance testosterone. After notification a provisional suspension was ordered and the Athlete filed a statement in her defence. The Athlete admitted the violation and provided various possible explanations for a reduced sanction. The IAAF produced evidence that showed that the Athlete’s fiancée was the supplier of Testosterone to the Drug Store in question, he injected the substance to the Athlete, and he falsified receipts from the Store in order to conceal his involvement. The IAAF Disciplinary Tribunal decides on 23 May 2018 to impose a 4 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 15 November 2017.

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IAAF 2017 IAAF vs Despoina Zapounidou

In August 2017 the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Greek Athlete Despoina Zapounidou after her sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Recombinant Erythropoietin (rhEPO). After notification a provisional suspension was ordered. The Athlete filed a statement in her defence and she was heard for the IAAF Disciplinary Tribunal. The Athlete disputed with an expert witness the validity of the test results due to a departure of the ISL. However the Tribunal rejects the evidence produced by the Athlete and finds that an anti-doping rule violation has been established to the Tribunal's comfortable satisfaction. The Tribunal deems that the Athlete failed to demonstrate that the violation was not intentional nor how the substance entered her system. The Tribunal holds that it is well known that EPO, where exogenous, can only be administered by injection and the Tribunal considers it would be surprising, though not impossible, that the person to whom such an injection was administered could be unaware of it. Therefore the Tribunal decides on 19 April 2018 to impose a 4 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 23 August 2017.

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UWW 2018 UWW vs Asilbek Nematov

In July 2018 the United World Wrestling (UWW) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the minor Uzbek Athlete Asilbek Nematov after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance 19-norandrosterone (Nandrolone). After notification a provisional suspension was ordered and the Athlete filed a statement in his defence. The UWW Anti-Doping Panel settled this case based on the written submissions of the parties. The Athlete admitted the violation without further details, waived his right to be heard and accepted the sanction proposed by the UWW. Here the Uzbekistan Wrestling Association reported that the minor wrestler used the substance “under direction of his personal coaches” and that these coaches are now under investigation of the public authorities. The Panel holds that the Athlete admitted the violation without further details about the use of the substance and about his coaches. Considering the poor information provided on the circumstances the Panel deems that there are no grounds for a reduced sanction. Therefore the UWW Anti-doping panel decides on 25 August 2018 that the wrestler, Mr Asilbek Nematov: I.) Is found to have committed an anti-doping rules violation, namely article 2.1 of the Rules; II.) Is imposed a period of ineligibility of four (4) years, starting from 16 July 2018 until 15 July 2022 included. III.) The results obtained in the Asian Championship Cadet are disqualified. With this disqualification, the ranking must be modified accordingly, and the place earned for the Youth Olympic Games 2018 is to be reallocated in accordance with the 2018 qualifying system for Wrestling. IV.) The Uzbek Wrestling Federation is imposed a fine of 20’000 Swiss Francs.

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UWW 2018 UWW vs Dmitrii Elkanov

In July 2018 the United World Wrestling (UWW) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the minor Athlete Dmitrii Elkanov after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Dehydrochlormethyltestosterone. After notification a provisional suspension was ordered and the Athlete filed a statement in his defence. The UWW Anti-Doping Panel settled this case based on the written submissions of the parties. The wrestler stated that he used a supplement called “Ecdysterone Ace” in 2017 for four weeks. He explained how he searched for information on the internet and how and where he bought the supplement. The Panel holds that the substance found in the sample provided by the athlete was a metabolite of Dehydrochlormethyltestosterone (Turinabol). However, according to a study on the excretion of ecdysterone in human urine, ecdysterone does not seem to produce turinabol as a metabolite, but two other different metabolites. The Panel concludes that the Athlete failed to establish how the substance entered his system. Therefore the UWW Anti-doping panel decides on 20 August 2018 that the wrestler, Mr Dmitrii Elkanov: I.) Is found to have committed an anti-doping rules violation, namely article 2.1 of the Rules; II.) Is imposed a period of ineligibility of four (4) years, starting from 28 July 2018 until 27 July 2022 included. III.) The results obtained in the World Championship Cadet are disqualified. With this disqualification, the ranking must be modified accordingly, and the place earned for the Youth Olympic Games 2018 is to be reallocated in accordance with the 2018 qualifying system for Wrestling. IV.) The Russian Wrestling Federation is imposed a fine of 20’000 Swiss Francs.

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WTC 2017 Maurizio Carta vs WTC - Appeal

On 23 February 2017 the World Triathlon Corporation decided to impose a 4 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete Murizio Carta for his refusal to provide a blood sample. Here the Athlete explained that he had a phobia of needles and he offered the USADA Doping Control Officer to provide a urine sample instead which was not acceptable to the WTC. Hereafter in March 2017 the Athlete appealed the WTC decision and the Sole Arbitrator settled the case based on the written submissions of the parties. The Athlete admitted that he refused to provide a blood sample and denied that this refusal was without compelling justification. He stated that he immediately said that he had a phobia of needles as confirmed by the medical certificate from October 2016. He says that he cooperated proactively by not only explaining his refusal to provide a blood sample, but offering repeatedly to provide a urine sample. He argued that in the circumstances of his refusal to provide a blood sample no suspension was warranted or alternatively a 2 year period of ineligibility should be imposed. The Arbitrator holds that the Athlete’s previous anti-doping rule violation is significant since it demonstrates his familiarity with anti-doping testing. In light of this previous violation in 2005 and the decision of the CAS arbitrator, and his acknowledgement that he previously had undergone numerous anti-doping controls, he must have known that anti-doping testing at the 2016 World Championships was a possibility. The Sole Arbitrator concludes that the Athlete failed to provide compelling justification for his refusal to provide a blood sample, as requested. The Arbitrator deems that it is clear that the Athlete was negligent in not taking steps to address his alleged phobia of needles in advance of the 2016 World Triathlon Championships so as to be able to provide a blood sample if required. He then knowingly or intentionally refused to provide a sample when requested to do so. Therefore the Sole Arbitrator decides on 26 June 2017: 1.) Mr. Carta's appeal from the WTC's Charge of Anti-Doping Rule Violation and Notice of Sanction under the IRONMAN Anti-Doping Rules, dated 23 February 2017 is dismissed; 2.) the Suspension and Sanction set out in the Charge of Anti-Doping Rule Violation and Notice of Sanction remain in place; 3.) each Party shall bear its own costs; and, 4.) all other or further claims are dismissed.

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AAA No. 74 190 00738 10 WTC vs Timothy Marr

In August 2010 the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Athlete Timothy Marr after his A and B samples tested positive for the prohibited substance Amphetamine. After notification a provisional suspension was ordered. The Athlete filed a statement in his defence and he was heard for the Tribunal of the American Arbitration Association. The Athlete denied the intentional use of the substance and explained with evidence that he ingested the substance 72 hours beforte the test. He stated that he consumed his friend's drink that contained prescribed Adderall while he was not present when the medication was poured by his friend into his drink. Considering the evidence in this case the Arbitrator finds that the Athlete established No Significant Fault and how the substance entered his system without intention to enhance sport performance. Therefore the AAA Tribunal decides on 22 February 2011 to impose a period of ineligibility on the Athlete to run from 13 August 2010 until the date of this Award.

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ITF 2018 ITF vs Igor Ribeiro Marcondes

In May 2018 the International Tennis Federation (ITF) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Brazilian tennis player Ribeiro Marcondes after his A and B samples - collected in March and April 2018 - tested positive for the prohibited substance Hydrochlorothiazide. After notification the Athlete gave a prompt admission, denied the intentional use of the substance, waived his right for a hearing, accepted the provisional suspension and the sanction proposed by the ITF. The Athlete explained with evidence that he had used prescribed medication which he mentioned at the Doping Control Form. Analysis of his medication in the Montreal Lab confirmed that it contained the prohibited substance with levels of contamination to be consistent with the concentrations found in the Athlete’s samples. The ITF accepts that the violation was not intentional and that the Athlete established how the substance entered his system. The ITF deems that the Athlete’s degree of fault was not significant and considers his cooperation in this case for imposing a reduced sanction. Therefore on 11 September 2018 the ITF decides to impose a 9 month perod of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the sample collection, i.e. on 8 March 2018.

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iNADO Update #2018-9

iNADO Update (2018) 9 (23 November) Institute of National Anti-Doping Organisations (iNADO) ____________________________________________________ Contents: - 2019 iNADO Workshop (March 12, Lausanne) - Report on the WADA Foundation Board and associated meetings, Baku, November 13-15 2018. CEO Graeme Steel - The Role of NADOs – Comment from the CEO - NADOs give Feedback to the 2nd Draft of the Int. Standard for Education (ISE) - Ideas how to implement the ISE using a Guidelines Document - Spanish Anti-Doping Agency launches Education Module in Latin America - Annual Larry D. Bowers Award for Excellence in Anti-Doping Science - New NSF Certified for Sport® Certification Mark - Leeds Beckett University: the Global Landscape of Whistleblowing Platforms - Improved Search Function at the Anti-Doping Knowledge Center - Vacancies at WADA - New at the Anti-Doping Knowledge Centre

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NZRU 2018 DFSNZ vs Shanan Kapene

In 2015 the New Zealand Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Authority (Medsafe) informed DFSNZ about the results of Medsafe’s investigation into an internet drug supplier NZ Clenbuterol and provided DFSNZ details about the internet purchases in 2014 of prohibited substances made by the rugby player Shanan Kapene. Hereafter in August 2018 Drug Free Sport New Zealand (DFSNZ) has reported two anti-doping rule violations against Shanan Kapene for the use, attempted use and possession of the prohibited substances Clenbuterol, Tamoxifen and Testosterone. The Athlete gave a prompt admission, denied the intentional use, waived his right to be heard, accepted the provisional suspension and the sanction proposed by DFSNZ. He explained that he used the substances to lose weight and gain muscle for aesthetics reasons and not to enhance sports performance. He used the Tamoxifen to address the side effects he experienced and didn’t know that these substances were prohibited. The parties in this case reached and agreement and filed a joint memorandum in relation to the sanction for approval into a decision of the New Zealand Rugby Union Judicial Committee. The New Zealand Rugby Union Judicial Committee considers that the Athlete gave a prompt admission and that there were substantial delays in the proceedings not attributed to the Athlete. Therefore the Sports Tribunal of New Zealand decides on 15 November 2018 to impose a 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting backdated by 12 months, i.e. on 15 August 2017.

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UKAD 2018 UKAD vs Nigel Levine

In December 2017 the United Kingdom Anti-Doping (UKAD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Athlete Nigel Levin after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Clenbuterol. The Athlete admitted the violation and without a hearing he accepted a provisional suspension and the sanction rendered by UKAD. The Athlete accepted the test result and suggested that it was caused as a result of his use of a supplement contaminated with Clenbuterol. The Athlete was not able to demonstrate this contamination because he was unable to obtain samples from the correct batches of these products and he had not the money to have analysed any supplements by a laboratory. UKAD concludes that there are no grounds for a reduced sanction as the Athlete failed to establish that the violation was not intentional nor how the substance entered his system. Therefore UKAD decides on 23 October 2018 to impose a 4 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 13 December 2017.

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