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Welcome to Doping.nl, the Anti-Doping Knowledge Center.
This site has been established to host information about doping in the broadest sense of the word, and about doping prevention.

Initiator
The Anti-Doping Authority Netherlands (the Dutch Doping Authority for short) established this site and maintains it. The Doping Authority was founded in 1989 and it is one of the oldest NADOs in the world. Doping.nl was developed with financial support from the Dutch Ministry for Health, Welfare and Sport.

Goals
This website  was established because of the importance that the Doping Authority and the Ministry attach to the dissemination of information relevant to doping prevention. Disclosing and supplying relevant information is one of the cornerstones in the fight against doping in sport. However, in practice, a significant amount of information is still not available, or only available to a limited group of users. We therefore decided to bring together all the relevant information in a single site: Doping.nl.

Activities
The Doping Authority aims to supply as much information through this website as possible on an ongoing basis. The information will be varied but will focus primarily on: WADA documents like the World Anti-Doping Code, the International Standards like the Prohibited List, Doping Regulations, scientific articles and abstracts, decisions by disciplinary bodies (mainly CAS decisions).As well as making documents available, the Doping Authority aims to supply searchable documents when possible, and to add relevant keywords to ensure easy access.
In the future, Doping.nl will also become a digital archive containing older information that is no longer available elsewhere.

Target readers
This site has been designed for use by anti-doping professionals such as National Anti-Doping Organisations and International Federations but also for students, journalists and other people interested in the subject.

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Recently added documents More »

Official statement regarding the presence of Boldenone in beef in Colombia

Official statement regarding the presence of Boldenone in beef in Colombia = Comunicado oficial respecto a la presencia de Boldenona en la carne vacuna en Colombia / Comité Olímpico Colombiano. - Bogotá : COC, 2018 the Colombian Olympic Committee issued a warning to athletes in November 2018 regarding the widespread use of boldenone in cattle farming in Colombia, the possibility that meat from Colombian farms might contain boldenone, and the consequences that could apply for athletes subject to anti-doping rules.

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ITF 2019 ITF vs Robert Farah

In January 2020 the International Tennis Federation (ITF) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Colombian tennis player Robert Farah after his A and B samples - collected out-of-competition at his mothers house in Cali, Columbia - tested positive for the prohibited substance Boldenone in a low concentration (1,8 ng/mL). After notification the Athlete accepted the test results, waived his right for a hearing, accepted the provisional suspension and the sanction proposed by the ITF. The Athlete asserted that the Boldenone found in his system came from beef that he ate the night before the samples were collected, which he says contained residue of Boldenone injected into the cow as a growth promoter prior to slaughter. He insists that he did not intend to cheat, and that he did not engage in conduct that he knew constituted an anti-doping rule violation, nor did he know that there was a significant risk that eating the beef might constitute or result in an anti-doping rule violation. Further the Athlete provided evidence to support his contention of meat contamination as the source of his positive test: - The Supermarket where the beef was purchased; - The source and distribution of the meat products from a meat processing plan and ultimately from one of 15 cattle ranches located in northern Columbia; - The authorized distribution, sale and use of Boldenone in Columbia to fatten cattle; - 59 Boldenone products available for sale in Columbia and their use in livestock farming as a growth promoter prior to slaughter; - The use of Boldenone by the 15 cattle ranches in question in their cattle to increase their meat mass; - The lack of a legal restrictions in Columbia to ensure that Boldenone concentration levels in beef sold for human consumption remain below a certain level; - Expert report studies that confirmed the widespread use of Boldenone in cattle in Colombia and the presence of this substance in beef due to the practice of sending cattle to the slaughter house prior to the 30-day withdrawal time for veterinary drugs. In view of the evidence in this case the ITF accepts that the Athlete has shown that his ingestion of Boldenone on 17 October 2019 was not intentional, in that he did not know that the beef that his mother cooked and served him that evening contained Boldenone, and nor were there any red flags that meant he knew there was a risk that it might contain Boldenone, and manifestly disregarded that risk. He has therefore established that he did not intend to cheat, and that his commission of the violation was not 'intentional'. In addition the ITF considers the following facts: 1.) The ITF is not aware of any prior case in which it was accepted that Boldenone found in an athlete's sample came from meat farmed in Colombia. 2.) In fact, the ITF is only aware of one prior case where it was accepted that Boldenone found in an athlete's sample came from meat, and in that case the meat was farmed in Mexico. 3.) WADA has never issued any warning that meat farmed in Colombia might contain prohibited substances. In fact, the meat contamination notice issued by WADA in May 2019 only refers to the possibility that meat farmed in Mexico, China, or Guatemala might contain Clenbuterol. 4.) Although the Colombian Olympic Committee issued a warning to athletes in November 2018 regarding the widespread use of Boldenone in cattle farming in Columbia, the ITF accepts that the Athlete did not see this issued notice because he does not live in Colombia and is constanly traveling the globe on the professional tennis circuit. On that basis, the ITF accepts that the Athlete bears No Fault or Negligence for the presence of exogenous Boldenone and Boldenone metabolite in his sample. It notes that this finding is consistent with other decisions where meat was accepted as the source of the positive test. Therefore the ITF decides on 10 February 2020 to lift the provisional suspension with immediate effect and not to impose a period of ineligibility on the Athlete. Because the Athlete bear No Fault or Negligence the ITF decides not to disqualify the Athlete’s results obtained in the period between the sample collection until the date of the provisional suspension.

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FINA 2019 FINA vs Ruta Meilutyte

In April the International Swimming Federation (FINA) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Lithuanian swimmer Ruta Meilutyte for her 3 Whereabout filing failures between April 2018 and March 2019 and 3 missed tests within a 12 month period. After notification a provisional suspension was ordered. The Athlete filed a statement in her defence and waived her right to be heard for the FINA Doping Panel. In her submissions the Athlete acknowledged her negligence and stated that it was in the process of retirement from swimming. She requested the Panel to exclude her from the ADAMS system and from the Registrated Testing Pool. The Panel Doping Panel concludes that the Athlete's behaviour was negligent and contributed to the failures. Without grounds for a reduced sanction the FINA Doping Panel decides on 21 July to impose a 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the decision.

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CAS 2019_A_6245 César Macnaught Ramírez Rodríguez vs ITF

CAS 2019/A/6245 César Macnaught Ramirez Rodriguez v. International Tennis Federation (ITF) Related case: ITF 2018 ITF vs César Ramírez March 18, 2019 On 18 March 2019 the ITF Independent Tribunal decided to impose a 4 year period on the Mexican tennis player César Macnaught Ramírez Rodríguez after his A and B samples tested positive for the prohibited substances 19-norandrosterone (Nandrolone), Boldenone, Drostanolone and Stanozolol. Here the ITF Tribunal Panel was troubled about the inconsistencies in the evidence and statements provided by the Athlete. The Panel did not accept that it was more probable than not that the Athlete's personal trainer substituted four different steroids for Maxi Plus Suplexx and Vampire injections without the Athlete’s knowledge. Hereafter in April 2019 the Athlete appealed the ITF decision with the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS). The Athlete requested the Panel to set aside the ITF decision of 18 March 2019 and to impose a reduced sanction. The Athlete argued that the violation was not intentional, he gave a prompt admission and his degree of fault was not significant. Based on the witness statement of his personal trainer Mr Lira, it has been established on a balance of probabilities that the Prohibited Substances found in the Athlete's system originated from the substances, which Mr Lira had administered to him secretly. The ITF contended that the Athlete failed to prove on the balance of probabilities that his violation was due to spiking by Mr Lira. He also needed to show that it is more likely than not that the concentrations of the substances found in his sample were consistent with his claimed ingestion in the amounts and at the times claimed. The ITF further pointed to the inconsistencies in the WhatsApp messages between the Athlete and Mr Lira. Finally the Athlete does not qualify for a reduction for his prompt admission and his claim as to No Significant Fault or Negligence must be dismissed. The Panel deems that the Athlete's evidence in support of his explanation on how the Prohibited Substances entered his body suffers several inconsistencies and it concludes that the anti-doping violation is intentional. The contrary submissions of the Athlete that the violation was not intentional and was caused by the ingestion of a contaminated supplement or that he bore no significant fault or negligence are to be dismissed. The Panel also finds the imposed sanction in First Instance to be confirmed. The Athlete in fact has not established any reason to depart from the mandatory sanction of 4 years of ineligibility, starting from 12 April 2018. Therefore the Court of Arbitration for Sport decides on 23 January 2020 that: 1.) The appeal filed by Mr César Macnaught Ramirez Rodriguez on 8 April 2019 against the decision rendered by the Independent Tribunal of Sports Resolutions on 18 March 2019 is dismissed. 2.) The decision rendered by the Independent Tribunal of Sports Resolutions (UK) on 18 March 2019 is confirmed. 3.) The award is pronounced without costs, except for the Court Office fee of CHF 1,000 (one thousand Swiss Francs) paid by the Appellant, which is retained by the Court of Arbitration for Sport. 4.) Mr César Macnaught Ramirez Rodriguez shall pay to the International Tennis Federation a contribution in the amount of CHF 5,000 (five thousand Swiss Francs) to its legal fees and expenses incurredin connection with the present proceedings. 5.) All other motions or prayers for relief are dismissed.

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IFBB 2017 IFBB vs Jim Manion

Mr. Jim Manion at the time of the events was the President of the National Physique Committee (NPA) in the USA and the Area Vice President for North America for the International Federation of Bodybuilding & Fitness (IFBB). In October 2017 the IFBB reported multiple anti-doping rule violations against Mr Manion for complicity. The IFBB contested that Mr Manion abetted the participation in the NPC sanctioned events of athletes that violated the prohibition against participation during ineligibility: 1.) The Korean athletes Jang Sung Yong, Lee Yae Lin and Wong Jong Seub participated in the 'Phil Heath Classic', held in Houston Texas on 28 March 2015, while serving their ineligibility period imposed by the Koran Anti-Doping Agency (KADA). 2.) The Ecuadorian athlete Josè Castillo participated in the 'Miami Muscle Beach Championships' held in Miami Florida on 10 June 2017 while serving his ineligibility period imposed on him by the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF). The IFBB Anti Doping Commission established that Mr Manion has not contested at all the charge: he failed to provide any communication, explanation and/or defenses about the violation communicated to him by the IFBB in October 2017. The Commission deems that the violations shall be considered together as one single first violation. Accordingly the IFBB Anti Doping Commission decides on 30 November 2017 to impose a 4 year period of ineligibility on Mr Manion starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 9 October 2017. His name is included in the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited Association List.

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IFFB 2019 IFFB vs Alessandro Balsamo

The South African Institute for Drugfree Sport (SAIDS) conducted sample collection during the Arnold Classic Africa in Johannesburg in May 2019. As a result SAIDS reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Italian bodybuilder Alessandro Balsamo for his refusal to submit to sample collection without compelling justification. After notification in May 2019 a provisional suspension was ordered by the International Federation of Bodybuilding & Fitness (IFBB). Consequently the IFBB Anti-Doping Commission finds that the Athlete intentionally committed an anti-doping rule violation and decides on 8 July 2019 to impose a 4 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 30 May 2019.

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IFFB 2019 IFFB vs Florisvaldo Francisco

The South African Institute for Drugfree Sport (SAIDS) conducted sample collection during the Arnold Classic Africa in Johannesburg in May 2019. Hereafter SAIDS reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Angolan bodybuilder Florisvaldo Francisco after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substances Chlorothiazide, Clenbuterol, Furosemide, Hydrochlorothiazide and Triamterene. After notification in May 2019 a provisional suspension was ordered by the International Federation of Bodybuilding & Fitness (IFBB). Consequently the IFBB Anti-Doping Commission finds that the Athlete committed an anti-doping rule violation and decides on 18 July 2019 to impose a 4 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 18 May 2019.

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IFFB 2019 IFFB vs Rui Silva

The South African Institute for Drugfree Sport (SAIDS) conducted sample collection during the Arnold Classic Africa in Johannesburg in May 2019. Hereafter SAIDS reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Brazilian bodybuilder Rui Silva after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substances Clostebol, Drostanolone, Fluoxymesterone, Trenbolone, 19-norandrosterone and 19-noretiocholanolone (Nandrolone). After notification in May 2019 a provisional suspension was ordered by the International Federation of Bodybuilding & Fitness (IFBB). Consequently the IFBB Anti-Doping Commission finds that the Athlete committed an anti-doping rule violation and decides on 18 July 2019 to impose a 4 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the provisional suspension, i.e. on 18 May 2019.

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UKAD 2019 UKAD vs Conner Duthie

In May 2019 the United Kingdom Anti-Doping (UKAD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the ruby player Conner Duthie after his sample tested positive for the prohibited substance Cannabis in a concentration above the WADA threshold. After notification the Athlete gave a prompt admission, waived his right for a hearing and accepted a provisional suspension and the sanction proposed by UKAD. The Athlete stated that he had smoked Cannabis the day before the sample collection in order to cope with his personal circumstances at the time. UKAD accepted that the violation was not intentional and considers that there were no grounds for No Significant Fault or Negligence in this case. Therefore UKAD decides on 16 January 2020 to impose a 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of the sample collection, i.e. on 16 March 2019.

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UKAD 2019 UKAD vs Gabriel Hamlin

In March 2019 the United Kingdom Anti-Doping (UKAD) has reported an anti-doping rule violation against the Australian ruby player Gabriel Hamlin after his A and B sample tested positive for the prohibited substancd Cocaïne in a low concentration. After notification the Athlete gave a prompt admission, waived his right for a hearing and accepted the sanction proposed by UKAD. The Athlete denied the intentional use and asserted that the ingestion occurred out-of-competition in a context unrelated to sport performance. He explained that the night before the sample collection he had contact with a women and that through kissing the substance came into his system since he was unaware that she had used Cocaine that evening. The London Lab did not confirm the Athlete’s explanation but stated that the low concentration found in the Athlete’s samples was consistent with out-of-competition ingestion in the days leading up to the competition which is an earlier period of time than given in the account by the Athlete. Accordingly that UKAD did not accept the Athlete’s explanation but deems that the Athlete’s violation was not intentional, out-of-competition and unrelated to sport performance. Without grounds for No Significant Fault or Negligence UKAD decides on 7 January 2020 to impose a 2 year period of ineligibility on the Athlete starting on the date of sample collection, i.e. on 8 February 2019.

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